askmara - do simple dns queries
queries the user-specified dns server for records, and outputs
the reply in a csv2-compatible format (csv2 is the format of zone files that
- If this is present, the following argument is the askmara
timeout, in seconds. Note that askmara can not both have a
user-defined timeout and verbose output.
- If this is set, askmara will verbosely output the
complete reply that the server sent. Note that this verbose output is not
- If this is set, askmara, when sending out a query,
will not request DNS recursion; in other words, askmara will request that
the remote DNS server not contact other DNS servers to answer the query in
- dns record to be queried. The query has two sections: The
type of record we desire, and the hostname we want this record for.
The type of query can have two forms: A one-letter mnemonic, or a numeric rtype
followed by a colon. This is immediately concatenated by the full name of the
host name we wish to look up.
For example, to ask for the IP of 'example.com.', we can use the one-letter
mnemonic, in the form 'Aexample.com.', or we can use the numeric RR followed
by a colon, giving the query '1:example.com.' (since A has the record type of
one). Note that the query name needs the trailing dot at the end.
Askmara supports a handful one-letter mnemonics, as follows:
signifies a request for an A (ipv4 address) RR
signifies a NS RR
signifies that we are asking for a CNAME RR
signifies that we want a SOA RR
signifies that we want a PTR RR
signifies that we mant a MX RR
signifies that we want a TXT RR
signifies that we want to ask for all RRs.
- IP address of the dns server to be queried. If no server is
given, askmara will query 127.0.0.1.
Asking the server with the ip 127.0.0.1 for the IP address of example.com:
Asking the server with the ip 22.214.171.124 for the IP address of example.com:
askmara Aexample.com. 126.96.36.199
Asking the server with the ip address 127.0.0.1 for the IP address of
example.com, using the rr_number:query format:
Asking the server with the ip address 127.0.0.1 for a SRV record. In particular,
we ask for the "http over tcp" service for example.net. Since
askmara doesn't have a mnemonic for SRV record types, we use the numeric code
(33 for SRV):
Asking the server with the ip address 127.0.0.1 for the AAAA (ipv6 ip) record
Note that the output will be a raw DNS packet in both the SRV and AAAA examples.
When askmara is asked for an SOA record, the output of askmara
resembles the format of a csv2 file, but can not be parsed as a csv2 file
askmara outputs multi-chunk ("character-string") TXT records
incorrectly (it only outputs the first chunk).
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHORS ''AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO
EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE,
EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
MaraDNS is written by Sam Trenholme. Jaakko Niemi used 5 minutes to roll this
manpage together, which Sam has subsequently revised.