bibtex - make a bibliography for (La)TeX
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documentation for
this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX
BibTeX reads the top-level auxiliary (.aux
) file auxname
output during the running of latex
(1) or tex
(1) and creates a
) file that will be incorporated into the document on
subsequent runs of LaTeX or TeX.
BibTeX looks up, in bibliographic database (.bib
) files specified by the
\bibliography command, the entries specified by the \cite and \nocite commands
in the LaTeX or TeX source file. It formats the information from those entries
according to instructions in a bibliography style (.bst
(specified by the \bibliographystyle command, and it outputs the results to
The LaTeX manual explains what a LaTeX source file must contain to work with
BibTeX. Appendix B of the manual describes the format of the .bib
files. The `BibTeXing' document describes extensions and details of this
format, and it gives other useful hints for using BibTeX.
option defines the minimum number of crossref
required for automatic inclusion of the crossref'd entry on the citation list;
the default is two. With the -terse
option, BibTeX operates silently.
Without it, a banner and progress reports are printed on stdout
BibTeX searches the directories in the path defined by the BSTINPUTS environment
variable for .bst
files. If BSTINPUTS is not set, it uses the system
default. For .bib
files, it uses the BIBINPUTS environment variable if
that is set, otherwise the default. See tex
(1) for the details of the
If the environment variable TEXMFOUTPUT is set, BibTeX attempts to put its
output files in it, if they cannot be put in the current directory. Again, see
(1). No special searching is done for the .aux
- Bibliography style files.
- ``BibTeXing'' - LaTeXable documentation for general BibTeX
- ``Designing BibTeX Styles'' - LaTeXable documentation for
- database file for those two documents
- database file giving examples of all standard entry
- template file and documentation for the standard
All those files should be available somewhere on your system.
The host math.utah.edu has a vast collection of .bib
files available for
anonymous ftp, including references for all the standard TeX books and a
complete bibliography for TUGboat.
Leslie Lamport, LaTeX - A Document Preparation System
1985, ISBN 0-201-15790-X.
Oren Patashnik, Stanford University. This man page describes the web2c version
of BibTeX. Other ports of BibTeX, such as Donald Knuth's version using the Sun
Pascal compiler, do not have the same path searching implementation, or the