cmdtool - run a shell (or other program) in an OpenWindows enhanced terminal
] [ -M bytes
] [ -P count
] [ -B boldstyle
] [ -I command
] [ program
This command is available with the OpenWindows user environment. For information
about installing OpenWindows, refer to the Solaris installation documentation.
is the standard OpenWindows
support facility for shells
and other programs. When invoked, cmdtool
runs a program (usually a
shell) in a text-based command window. Characters typed on the keyboard are
inserted at the caret. If the program is a shell, that shell accepts and runs
commands in the usual manner. cmdtool
also supports programs that
perform cursor motions directly, such as vi
The text of the current command line can be edited using normal
(1) functions. The command window displays a log of the
session, which can be scrolled through using the scrollbar (unless the escape
command mode is in effect). This log can be edited, and saved by choosing the
`Store as New File
' item in the text facility's pop-up menu.
- Console cmdtool. Redirect system console output to
this cmdtool. Display console messages in this cmdtool, which might
otherwise appear in unexpected places on the workstation screen. Since a
cmdtool window can be scrolled, console error messages can be
recorded for later examination.
- -M bytes
- Set the log to wrap-around after the indicated number of
- -P count
- Checkpoint the log after every set of count editing
- -B boldstyle
- Set the style for displaying bold text to boldstyle.
boldstyle can be a string specifying one of the choices for the
term.boldstyle default, or it may be a numerical value for one of
those choices, from 0 to 8, corresponding to the placement of the choice
in the list.
- -I command
- Pass command to the shell. SPACE
characters within the command must be escaped.
- cmdtool accepts the generic tool arguments listed in
If a program
argument is present, cmdtool
runs it and passes any
remaining arguments to that program
. If no program
runs the program indicated by the SHELL
variable, or /bin/sh
You can specify a number of defaults using the options in the .Xdefaults
file that effect the behavior of cmdtool
. The ones of interest are
those that begin with text
, or keyboard
(7) for more detailed information.
The window created by cmdtool
is based on the text facility that is
described in the textedit
man page. The user is given a prompt at which
to type commands and pop-up menus from which to select command options.
windows support cursor motions, using an /etc/termcap
entry called sun-cmd
. Command windows automatically set the TERM
environment variable to sun-cmd
. So, if you rlogin
(1) to a
machine that does not have an entry for sun-cmd
file, the error message `Type sun-cmd unknown
results. To rectify this, type the comman `set TERM=sun-cmd
written using the curses
(3X) library packages will work in a command
window, but programs hard-coded for sun
-type terminals may not. When
supporting a program that performs cursor motions, the command window
automatically takes on the characteristics of a tty window (as with
(1)). When that program terminates or sleeps, the full command
window functionality is restored.
supports programs that use CBREAK
terminal modes. This support is normally invisible to the user.
However, programs that use RAW
mode, such as rlogin
(1), inhibit command-line editing with the mouse. In this
case, however, tty-style ERASE,
word-kill and line-kill
characters can still be used to edit the current command line.
window menu is called the Term Pane
menu and contains
the following options and their submenus:
- Creates a a list of commands used during the cmdtool
- You can edit the contents of the window.
- Read Only
- You can only read from the window.
- Store Log as new file
- Create a new file that contains the contents of the
- Clear log
- Clears all entries from the log.
- Provides a set of editing functions for this window.
- Repeats the last action.
- Undo Last Edit
- Undoes the last edit made in cmdtool .
- Undo All Edits
- Undoes all edits made during this session of cmdtool
- Makes a copy of the selected text and places it on the
- Pastes a copy of the text stored on the clipboard at the
- Deletes the selected text.
- Provides a set of find and replace functions.
- Find and Replace
- Brings up a pop-up menu containing text fields and command
buttons that allow you to search forward and backward through the file
being edited for specific text strings. Allows you to specify options for
the replacement of text.
- Find Selection
- Searches forward to find a selected text string.
- Searches backward to find a selected text string.
- Find Marked Text
- Brings up a pop-up menu that allows you to find text that
is included between specified bracket pairs. Also allows you to insert or
remove bracket pairs around selected text.
- Replace |>field<| >
- Allows you to replace selected text forward and backward
throughout the file.
- A user-definable pull-right menu controlled by the
/usr/lib/.text_extras_menu file. This can be overridden in two
1) Change the value of the .Xdefaults parameter
text.extrasMenuFilename to the correct file path.
2) Set the environment variable EXTRASMENU to the file desired.
Note that option 1 overrides option 2 if both are used. For more information
see the OpenWindows user documentation.
- File Editor
- Allows you to edit files from within cmdtool.
- Turns off the ability to edit files from within
- Enables Scrolling
- Enables scrolling within cmdtool.
- Disable Scrolling
- Turns off the ability to scroll within cmdtool. Once
scrolling in cmdtool is disabled, its functionality is identical to
shelltool and a more restricted menu appears. Selecting the
Enable Scrolling option from the restricted menu restores the full
menu and functionality of cmdtool.
The file ~/.textswrc
specifies filter programs that are assigned to
(available) function keys. These filters are applied to the contents of the
primary selection. Their output is entered at the caret.
Text facility accelerators that are especially useful in command windows are
described here. See textedit
(1) for more information.
- Position the caret at the bottom, and scroll it into view
as determined by Text.LowerContext.
- Toggle between all-upper-case keyboard input, and
- log file
OpenWindows user documentation
Typing ahead while cmdtool
changes between its scrollable and cursor
motion modes will sometimes freeze cmdtool
Full terminal emulation is not complete. Some manifestations of this deficiency
- File completion in the C shell does not work.
- Enhanced display of text is not supported.