cpupower-idle-info - Utility to retrieve cpu idle kernel information
cpupower [ -c cpulist ] idle-info [ options
A tool which prints out per cpu idle information helpful to developers and
- -f --silent
- Only print a summary of all available C-states in the
- -e --proc
- deprecated. Prints out idle information in old
/proc/acpi/processor/*/power format. This interface has been removed from
the kernel for quite some time, do not let further code depend on this
option, best do not use it.
CPU sleep state statistics and descriptions are retrieved from sysfs files,
exported by the cpuidle kernel subsystem. The kernel only updates these
statistics when it enters or leaves an idle state, therefore on a very idle or
a very busy system, these statistics may not be accurate. They still provide a
good overview about the usage and availability of processor sleep states on
Be aware that the sleep states as exported by the hardware or BIOS and used by
the Linux kernel may not exactly reflect the capabilities of the processor.
This often is the case on the X86 architecture when the acpi_idle driver is
used. It is also possible that the hardware overrules the kernel requests, due
to internal activity monitors or other reasons. On recent X86 platforms it is
often possible to read out hardware registers which monitor the duration of
sleep states the processor resided in. The cpupower monitor tool
(cpupower-monitor(1)) can be used to show real sleep state residencies. Please
refer to the architecture specific description section below.
POLL idle state
If cpuidle is active, X86 platforms have one special idle state. The POLL idle
state is not a real idle state, it does not save any power. Instead, a
busy-loop is executed doing nothing for a short period of time. This state is
used if the kernel knows that work has to be processed very soon and entering
any real hardware idle state may result in a slight performance penalty.
There exist two different cpuidle drivers on the X86 architecture platform:
"acpi_idle" cpuidle driver
The acpi_idle cpuidle driver retrieves available sleep states (C-states) from
the ACPI BIOS tables (from the _CST ACPI function on recent platforms or from
the FADT BIOS table on older ones). The C1 state is not retrieved from ACPI
tables. If the C1 state is entered, the kernel will call the hlt instruction
(or mwait on Intel).
"intel_idle" cpuidle driver
In kernel 2.6.36 the intel_idle driver was introduced. It only serves recent
Intel CPUs (Nehalem, Westmere, Sandybridge, Atoms or newer). On older Intel
CPUs the acpi_idle driver is still used (if the BIOS provides C-state ACPI
tables). The intel_idle driver knows the sleep state capabilities of the
processor and ignores ACPI BIOS exported processor sleep states tables.
By default only values of core zero are displayed. How to display settings of
other cores is described in the cpupower(1) manpage in the --cpu option
Thomas Renninger <email@example.com>
cpupower(1), cpupower-monitor(1), cpupower-info(1), cpupower-set(1),