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fistar - detecting and characterizing point-like sources

FISTAR(1) User Commands FISTAR(1)

NAME

fistar - detecting and characterizing point-like sources

SYNOPSIS

fistar [ options] <input> [-o|--output <output>]

DESCRIPTION

The main purpose of this program is to detect and extract sources (i.e. star-like objects) from astronomical images. The source detection and extraction are based on three major steps. First, pixel groups are derived which are possibly belong to the sources (these preliminary detections are callad source "candidates"). Second, these candidates are modelled with some sort of analytic model funcion, in order to derive more precise centroid coordinates and shape parameters. The last step is to extract the point-spread function (PSF) for the image, based on the detected and modelled sources. Basically, the input for this program must be an astronomical image while the output is the list of detected and extracted sources and their respective characteristics.

OPTIONS

General options:

-h, --help
Gives general summary about the command line options.
--long-help, --help-long
Gives a detailed list of command line options.
--wiki-help, --help-wiki, --mediawiki-help, --help-mediawiki
Gives a detailed list of command line options in Mediawiki format.
--version, --version-short, --short-version
Gives some version information about the program.
-i, --input <image file>
Name of input file from which the sources are extracted.
-o, --output <data file>
Name of the data file where the list of the extracted sources and their respective characteristics are written.

Basic source detection and characterization options:

-t, --threshold <threshold>
Detection peak threshold, in ADUs.
-f, --flux-threshold <flux threshold>
Detection flux threshold, in ADUs.
--algorithm <algorithm>
Source cadidate extraction algorithm. It can be "uplink" (default) or "parabolapeak".
-p, --prominence <prominence>
Critical relative prominence parameter used in the "uplink" algorithm. The default is to use no prominence based pixel grouping.
-r, --shrink <shrink factor>
Shrink factor applied before star candidate detection. The image is shrunk by this specific factor and after the detection, the candidate coordinates are multiplied by this value.
--only-candidates
Do not involve any analitic model funcion during the derivation of the centroid coordinates and shape parameters, but derive these from some sort of simple pixel statistics.
--model <model>[order=<order>]
Analytic model function used in the second stage of source extraction. This can be "gauss" (symmetic Gaussian profile), "elliptic" (assymetric Gaussian profile) and "deviated" (Gaussian profile multiplied by a polynomial up to the specified order).
--iterations symmetric=<n>,general=<n>
The number of Levenberg-Marquardt iterations during the analytic model fit. The fit is done in two substeps, first the symmetric profile parameters are derived only, which step is followed by the fit for all of the shape parameters.
-s, --sort {x|y|peak|fwhm|amp|flux|noise|s/n}
Sort the output list of extracted sources by X or Y coordinate, peak flux (no background level subtracted), profile FWHM, peak intensity (background level is subtracted), total flux, noise level or signal-to-noise ratio; respectively.
--mag-flux <mag>,<flux>
Magnitude - flux conversion level. The specified magnitude will be equivalent to the specified flux level.
-M, --input-mask <image file>
Input mask file to co-add to the mask of the input image. Useful for marking pixels to be excluded from source extraction process beyond the ones which are previously marked in the input image.
-F, --format <format>
Comma separated list of format tags, for formatting the output list of extracted sources. Each row represents an extracted source while the format specified here defines the quantities listed in each row of the output file. See "Format tags" for more details.

Format tags:

id
An unique identifier for the source (an integer number, in fact).
ix
Integer X coordinate for the centroid pixel
iy
Integer Y coordinate for the centroid pixel
x
Centroid X coordinate in native coordinate convention.
y
Centroid Y coordinate in native coordinate convention.
bg
Background level
amp
Peak amplitude
S
Gaussian momenum for the stellar profile (S=1/sigma^2)
D
plus-shaped momentum for the stellar profile
K
cross-shaped momentum for the stellar profile
sigma
sigma parameter for the stellar profile (FWHM is roughly 2.35 * sigma)
delta
delta (plus-shaped deviance) parameter for the stellar profile
kappa
kappa (cross-shaped deviance) parameter for the stellar profile
fwhm
full width at half magnitude (FWHM) of the stellar profile
ellip
ellipticity of the stellar profile
pa
position angle of the stellar profile
flux
Total flux of the source
nosie
Noise level of the source
s/n
Signal-to-noise ratio of the detection
magnitude
Brightness of the source in magnitudes (see also --mag-flux)
cx
Candidate centroid X coordinate (derived from pixel flux statistics).
cy
Candidate centroid Y coordinate (derived from pixel flux statistics).
cbg
Background level for the source candidate
camp
Peak amplitude of the source candidate
cmax
Maximum intensity on the source cadidate
cs
Gaussian momenum for the source cadidate, derived from pixel flux statistics
cd
plus-shaped momentum for the source cadidate, derived from pixel flux statistics
ck
cross-shaped momentum for the source cadidate, derived from pixel flux statistics
npix
number of pixels assigned to the detetcted source

Obtaining the point-spread function (PSF):

--psf <parameters>
Comma-separated list of parameters related to the PSF fitting:
grid=<grid>
subgrid size for the PSF
halfsize=<half size>
half-size of the PSF stamp, the full size of the stamp will always be 2*<half size>+1 and the PSF itself is centered at the center of the central pixel.
order=<order>
order of spatial variations in the PSF
symmetrize
symmetrize the resulting PSF (i.e. fit a symmetric PSF instead of a normal one)
spline
use a spline interpolation during the determination of the PSF
--output-psf <output PSF FITS file>
Name of the output file where the PSF is saved in FITS format. The PSF is stored in a 3 dimensional (a.k.a. "data cube") structure where the z-axis is for the various polynomial coefficients describing the spatially varied PSF.

Alternate sources for object candidates:

-C, --input-cadidates <cadidate list file>
Name of input cadidate list file. If such a file is defined in the command line, the cadidates are not searched by the build-in algorithms. Instead, the centroids are read from this file and the pixels for each object are defined within a certain radius from this centroid (see -r|--cadidate-radius also). The role of this option is twofold. First, it is suitable if only some of the sources have to be modelled with an analytic function; second, PSF determination can be done only a previously cleaned list of sources, in the case when there might be contaminating sources too.
-r, --candidate-radius <radius>
This option defines a distance, where pixels within this are assigned to the candidate.
--col-xy <colx>,<coly>
Column indices for X and Y centroid coordinates.

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to <apal@szofi.net>, see also http://fitsh.net/. Copyright © 1996, 2002, 2004-2008, 2010-2015; Pal, Andras <apal@szofi.net>
September 2016 fistar 1.0rc5 (0.9.2@2016.09.23)