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git-hub - Git command line interface to GitHub

GIT-HUB(1) Git Manual GIT-HUB(1)

NAME

git-hub - Git command line interface to GitHub

SYNOPSIS

git hub [global options] <command> [options] [arguments]

DESCRIPTION

git hub is a simple command line interface to github, enabling most useful GitHub tasks (like creating and listing pull request or issues) to be accessed directly through the git command line.
 
To use this command you'll probably need to make an initial configuration to get authorization from GitHub. To do this you can use the setup command. See the CONFIGURATION section for more configuration options.

GLOBAL OPTIONS

-h, --help
Show this help and exit.
--version
Show program's version number and exit.
-v, --verbose
Be more verbose (can be specified multiple times to get extra verbosity)
-s, --silent
Be less verbose (can be specified multiple times to get less verbosity)

COMMANDS

setup
This command performs an initial setup to connect to GitHub. It basically asks GitHub for an authorization token and stores it in the Git configuration variable hub.oauthtoken for future use so you don't need to type your password each time (or store it in the config). The username is also stored for future use in the hub.username variable. If the base URL is specified, it is stored in hub.baseurl too. By default configuration is stored in the repository's .git/config file (using git config). If you want your configuration to be global to your user or system-wide, use the --global or --system option respectively. These options are passed straight to git config.
-u USERNAME, --username=USERNAME
GitHub's username (login name), will be stored in the configuration variable hub.username. If an e-mail is provided, then a username matching that e-mail will be searched and used instead, if found (for this to work the e-mail must be part of the public profile).
-p PASSWORD, --password=PASSWORD
GitHub's password (will not be stored).
-b URL, --baseurl=URL
GitHub's base URL to use to access the API. Set this when you GitHub API is in another location other than the default (Enterprise servers usually use https://host/api/v3).
--global
Store settings in the global configuration (see --global option in git config(1) for details).
--system
Store settings in the system configuration (see --system option in git config(1) for details).

clone REPO [DEST]
This command is used to clone REPO, a GitHub repository, to a DEST directory (defaults to the name of the project being cloned). If the repository is specified in <owner>/<project> form, the REPO will be used as upstream and a personal fork will be looked up. If none is found, a new fork will be created. In both cases, the fork will be cloned instead of the upstream repository. The REPO can be specified as a regular clone URL too (http, ssh, git), in that case the URL will be inspected and the hub.urltype will be set as appropriate.
 
If only <project> is specified as REPO, then the configuration hub.username is used as <owner>, and the parent repository is looked up at GitHub to determine the real upstream repository.
 
The upstream repository is also added as a remote by the name upstream (unless --triangular is used, in which case the remote is called fork by default) and the hub.upstream configuration variable is set (see CONFIGURATION), unless only <project> was used and the resulting repository is not really a fork, in which case is impossible to automatically determine the upstream repository.
-r NAME, --remote=NAME
Use NAME as the upstream remote repository name instead of the default ('fork' if --triangular is used, 'upstream' otherwise).
-t, --triangular
Use Git's triangular workflow configuration. This option clones from the parent/upstream repository instead of cloning the fork, and adds the fork as a remote repository. Then sets the remote.pushdefault Git option and hub.forkremote git-hub option to the fork.
 
The effect of this having the upstream repository used by default when you pull but using your fork when you push, which is typically what you want when using GitHub's pull requests.
 
Git version 1.8.3 or newer is needed to use this option (and 1.8.4 or newer is recommended due to some issues in 1.8.3 related to this).
 
This option might become the default in the future. To make it the default you can set the option hub.triangular. See CONFIGURATION for details.
GIT CLONE OPTIONS
Any standard git clone option can be passed. Not all of them might make sense when cloning a GitHub repo to be used with this tool though.

issue
This command is used to manage GitHub issues through a set of subcommands.
list
Show a list of open issues.
-c, --closed
Show closed issues instead.
-C, --created-by-me
Show only issues created by me
-A, --assigned-to-me
Show only issues assigned to me

show ISSUE [ISSUE ...]
Show issues identified by ISSUE.
new
Create a new issue.
-m MSG, --message=MSG
Issue title (and description). The first line is used as the issue title and any text after an empty line is used as the optional body. If this option is not used, the default GIT_EDITOR is opened to write one.
-l LABEL, --label=LABEL
Attach LABEL to the issue (can be specified multiple times to set multiple labels).
-a USER, --assign=USER
Assign a user to the issue. USER must be a valid GitHub login name.
-M ID, --milestone=ID
Assign the milestone identified by the number ID to the issue.

update ISSUE
Similar to new but update an existing issue identified by ISSUE.
 
A convenient shortcut to close an issue is provided by the close subcommand.
-m MSG, --message=MSG
New issue title (and description). The first line is used as the issue title and any text after an empty line is used as the optional body.
-e, --edit-message
Open the default GIT_EDITOR to edit the current title (and description) of the issue.
-o, --open
Reopen the issue.
-c, --close
Close the issue.
-l LABEL, --label=LABEL
If one or more labels are specified, they will replace the current issue labels. Otherwise the labels are unchanged. If one of the labels is empty, the labels will be cleared (so you can use -l'' to clear the labels of an issue.
-a USER, --assign=USER
Assign a user to the issue. USER must be a valid GitHub login name.
-M ID, --milestone=ID
Assign the milestone identified by the number ID to the issue.

comment ISSUE
Add a new comment to an existing issue identified by ISSUE.
-m MSG, --message=MSG
Comment to be added to the issue. If this option is not used, the default GIT_EDITOR is opened to write the comment.

close ISSUE
Alias for update --close. (+ comment if --message or --edit-message is specified). Closes issue identified by ISSUE.
-m MSG, --message=MSG
Add a comment to the issue before closing it.
-e, --edit-message
Open the default GIT_EDITOR to write a comment to be added to the issue before closing it.


pull
This command is used to manage GitHub pull requests. Since pull requests in GitHub are also issues, most of the subcommands are repeated from the issue command for convenience. Only the list and new commands are really different, and attach and rebase are added.
list
Show a list of open pull requests.
--closed
Show closed pull requests instead.

show PULL [PULL ...]
Alias for issue show.
checkout PULL ...
Checkout the remote branch (head) of the pull request. This command first fetches the head reference from the pull request and then calls the standard git checkout command and any extra argument will be passed to git checkout as-is, after the reference that was just fetched. Remember this creates a detached checkout by default, use -b if you want to create a new branch based on the pull request. Please take a look at git checkout help for more details.
new [HEAD]
Create a new pull request. If HEAD is specified, it will be used as the branch (or git ref) where your changes are implemented. Otherwise the current branch is used. If the branch used as head is not pushed to your fork remote, a push will be automatically done before creating the pull request.
 
The repository to issue the pull request from is taken from the hub.forkrepo configuration, which defaults to hub.username/<hub.upstream project part>.
-m MSG, --message=MSG
Pull request title (and description). The first line is used as the pull request title and any text after an empty line is used as the optional body. If this option is not used, the default GIT_EDITOR is opened. If the HEAD branch have a proper description (see git branch --edit-description), that description will be used as the default message in the editor and if not, the message of the last commit will be used instead.
-b BASE, --base=BASE
Branch (or git ref) you want your changes pulled into. By default the tracking branch ( branch.<ref>.merge configuration variable) is used or the configuration hub.pullbase if not tracking a remote branch. If none is present, it defaults to master. The repository to use as the base is taken from the hub.upstream configuration.
-c NAME, --create-branch=NAME
Create a new remote branch with (with name NAME) as the real head for the pull request instead of using the HEAD name passed as HEAD. This is useful to create a pull request for a hot-fix you committed to your regular HEAD without creating a branch first.
-f, --force-push
Force the push operations. Use with care!

attach ISSUE [HEAD]
Convert the issue identified by ISSUE to a pull request by attaching commits to it. The branch (or git ref) where your changes are implemented can be optionally specified with HEAD (otherwise the current branch is used). This subcommand is very similar to the new subcommand, please refer to it for more details.
 
Please note you can only attach commits to issues if you have commit access to the repository or if you are assigned to the issue.
-m MSG, --message=MSG
Add a comment to the issue/new pull request.
-e, --edit-message
Open the default GIT_EDITOR to write a comment to be added to the issue/new pull request. The default message is taken from the --message option if present, otherwise the branch description or the first commit message is used as with the new subcommand.
-b BASE, --base=BASE
Base branch to which issue the pull request. If this option is not present, then the base branch is taken from the configuration hub.pullbase (or just master if that configuration is not present either). The repository to use as the base is taken from the hub.upstream configuration.
-c NAME, --create-branch=NAME
Create a new remote branch with (with name NAME) as the real head for the pull request instead of using the HEAD name passed as HEAD. This is useful to create a pull request for a hot-fix you committed to your regular HEAD without creating a branch first.
-f, --force-push
Force the push operations. Use with care!

rebase PULL
Close a pull request identified by PULL by rebasing its base branch (specified in the pull request) instead of merging as GitHub's Merge Button™ would do.
 
If the operation is successful, a comment will be posted informing the new HEAD commit of the branch that has been rebased and the pull request will be closed.
 
The type of URL used to fetch and push can be specified through the hub.pullurltype configuration variable (see CONFIGURATION for more details). Your working copy should stay the same ideally, if everything went OK.
 
The operations performed by this subcommand are roughly these:
1.
git stash
2.
git fetch pullhead
3.
git checkout -b tmp FETCH_HEAD
4.
git pull --rebase pullbase
5.
git push pullbase
6.
git checkout oldhead
7.
git branch -D tmp
8.
git stash pop

 
If hub.forcerebase is set to "true" (the default), --force will be passed to rebase (not to be confused with this command option --force-push which will force the push), otherwise (if is "false") a regular rebase is performed. When the rebase is forced, all the commits in the pull request are re-committed, so the Committer and CommitterDate metadata is updated in the commits, showing the person that performed the rebase and the time of the rebase instead of the original values, so providing more useful information. As a side effect, the hashes of the commits will change.
 
If conflicts are found, the command is interrupted, similarly to how git rebase would do. The user should either --abort the rebasing, --skip the conflicting commit or resolve the conflict and --continue. When using one of these actions, you have to omit the PULL argument.
-m MSG, --message=MSG
Use this message for the comment instead of the default. Specify an empty message ( -m'') to completely omit the comment.
-e, --edit-message
Open the default GIT_EDITOR to write the comment.
--force-push
Force the push operations. Use with care!
-p, --pause
Pause the rebase just before the results are pushed and the issue is merged. To resume the pull request rebasing (push the changes upstream and close the issue), just use the --continue action. This is particularly useful for testing.
-u, --stash-include-untracked
Passes the --include-untracked option to stash. If used all untracked files are also stashed and then cleaned up with git clean, leaving the working directory in a very clean state, which avoid conflicts when checking out the pull request to rebase.
-a, --stash-all
Passes the --all option to stash. Is like --stash-include-untracked but the ignored files are stashed and cleaned in addition to the untracked files, which completely removes the possibility of conflicts when checking out the pull request to rebase.
-D, --delete-branch
Delete the pull request branch if the rebase was successful. This is similar to press the "Delete Branch" Button (TM) in the web interface after merging.

 
Actions:
--continue
Continue an ongoing rebase.
--abort
Abort an ongoing rebase.
--skip
Skip current patch in an ongoing rebase and continue.

update PULL
Alias for issue update.
comment PULL
Alias for issue comment.
close PULL
Alias for issue close.


CONFIGURATION

This program use the git configuration facilities to get its configuration from. These are the git config keys used:
hub.username
Your GitHub username. [default: current OS username]
hub.oauthtoken required
This is the authorization token obtained via the setup command. Even when required, you shouldn't need to set this variable manually. Use the setup command instead.
hub.upstream required
Blessed repository used to get the issues from and make the pull requests to. The format is <owner>/<project>. This option can be automatically set by the clone command and is not really required by it or the setup command.
hub.forkrepo
Your blessed repository fork. The format is <owner>/<project>. Used to set the head for your pull requests. [default: <username>/(upstream <project> part)]
hub.forkremote
Remote name for accessing your fork. Used to push branches before creating a pull request. [default: origin]
hub.pullbase
Default remote branch (or git reference) you want your changes pulled into when creating a pull request. [default: master]
hub.urltype
Type of URL to use when an URL from a GitHub API is needed (for example, when 'pull rebase' is used). At the time of writing it could be ssh_url or clone_url for HTTP). See GitHub's API documentation[1] for more details or options. [default: ssh_url]
hub.baseurl
GitHub's base URL to use to access the API. Set this when you GitHub API is in another location other than the default (Enterprise servers usually use https://host/api/v3). This will be prepended to all GitHub API calls and it has to be a full URL, not just something like "www.example.com/api/v3/".
hub.forcerebase
If is set to "true", --force will be passed to rebase. If is set to "false" a regular rebase is performed. See the pull rebase command for details. [default: true]
hub.triangular
Makes --triangular for clone if set to "true" (boolean value). See clone documentation for details.

 
[1] https://developer.github.com/v3/pulls/#get-a-single-pull-request

FILES

This program creates some temporary files in the '.git' directory during its operation. The contents of these files can be used for debugging/recovery purposes if necessary.
HUB_EDITMSG
This file is used to take input from the user, e.g. issue comments, pull request title & description etc. If, after accepting user input, the command given by the user fails for some reason, then the entered text can still be retrieved from this file.
HUB_PULL_REBASING
This file is used to store various metadata information related to a rebase operation (with the primary aim of being able to rollback the repository to its original state if the rebase fails or is interrupted due to conflicts). The sole presence of this file indicates that a rebase is in progress.

VIM SYNTAX HIGHLIGHT

A VIM ftdetect plugin is provided, to enable it you have to follow some steps though. All you need to do is copy (or preferably make a symbolic link) the script to ~/.vim/ftdetect/githubmsg.vim:
 
mkdir -p ~/.vim/ftdetect
ln -s /usr/share/vim/addons/githubmsg.vim ~/.vim/ftdetect/
# or if you are copying from the sources:
# ln -s ftdetect.vim ~/.vim/ftdetect/githubmsg.vim


AUTHOR

Leandro Lucarella <leandro.lucarella@sociomantic.com> 2013 Sociomantic Labs GmbH
2017-07-19 devel