Man pages sections > man1 > gmx-helix

# gmx-helix - Calculate basic properties of alpha helices

 GMX-HELIX(1) GROMACS GMX-HELIX(1)

## NAME

gmx-helix - Calculate basic properties of alpha helices

## SYNOPSIS

```gmx helix [ -s [<.tpr>]] [-n [<.ndx>]] [-f [<.xtc/.trr/...>]]
[ -cz [<.gro/.g96/...>]] [-b <time>] [-e <time>]
[ -dt <time>] [-[no]w] [-r0 <int>] [-[no]q] [-[no]F]
[ -[no]db] [-[no]ev] [-ahxstart <int>] [-ahxend <int>]
```

## DESCRIPTION

gmx helix computes all kinds of helix properties. First, the peptide is checked to find the longest helical part, as determined by hydrogen bonds and phi/psi angles. That bit is fitted to an ideal helix around the z-axis and centered around the origin. Then the following properties are computed:
Helix radius (file radius.xvg). This is merely the RMS deviation in two dimensions for all Calpha atoms. it is calculated as sqrt((sum_i (x^2(i)+y^2(i)))/N) where N is the number of backbone atoms. For an ideal helix the radius is 0.23 nm.
Twist (file twist.xvg). The average helical angle per residue is calculated. For an alpha-helix it is 100 degrees, for 3-10 helices it will be smaller, and for 5-helices it will be larger.
Rise per residue (file rise.xvg). The helical rise per residue is plotted as the difference in z-coordinate between Calpha atoms. For an ideal helix, this is 0.15 nm.
Total helix length (file len-ahx.xvg). The total length of the helix in nm. This is simply the average rise (see above) times the number of helical residues (see below).
Helix dipole, backbone only (file dip-ahx.xvg).
RMS deviation from ideal helix, calculated for the Calpha atoms only (file rms-ahx.xvg).
Average Calpha - Calpha dihedral angle (file phi-ahx.xvg).
Average phi and psi angles (file phipsi.xvg).
Ellipticity at 222 nm according to Hirst and Brooks.

## OPTIONS

Options to specify input files:
-s [<.tpr>] (topol.tpr)
Portable xdr run input file
-n [<.ndx>] (index.ndx)
Index file
-f [<.xtc/.trr/...>] (traj.xtc)
Trajectory: xtc trr cpt gro g96 pdb tng

Options to specify output files:
-cz [<.gro/.g96/...>] (zconf.gro)
Structure file: gro g96 pdb brk ent esp

Other options:
-b <time> (0)
First frame (ps) to read from trajectory
-e <time> (0)
Last frame (ps) to read from trajectory
-dt <time> (0)
Only use frame when t MOD dt = first time (ps)
-[no]w (no)
View output .xvg, .xpm, .eps and .pdb files
-r0 <int> (1)
The first residue number in the sequence
-[no]q (no)
Check at every step which part of the sequence is helical
-[no]F (yes)
Toggle fit to a perfect helix
-[no]db (no)
Print debug info
-[no]ev (no)
Write a new 'trajectory' file for ED
-ahxstart <int> (0)
First residue in helix
-ahxend <int> (0)
Last residue in helix