delete_module - unload a kernel module
int delete_module(const char *name, int flags);
: No declaration of this system call is provided in glibc headers;
() system call attempts to remove the unused loadable
module entry identified by name
. If the module has an exit
function, then that function is executed before unloading the module. The
argument is used to modify the behavior of the system call, as
described below. This system call requires privilege.
Module removal is attempted according to the following rules:
- If there are other loaded modules that depend on (i.e.,
refer to symbols defined in) this module, then the call fails.
- Otherwise, if the reference count for the module (i.e., the
number of processes currently using the module) is zero, then the module
is immediately unloaded.
- If a module has a nonzero reference count, then the
behavior depends on the bits set in flags. In normal usage (see
NOTES), the O_NONBLOCK flag is always specified, and the
O_TRUNC flag may additionally be specified.
- The various combinations for flags have the
- flags == O_NONBLOCK
- The call returns immediately, with an error.
- flags == (O_NONBLOCK | O_TRUNC)
- The module is unloaded immediately, regardless of whether
it has a nonzero reference count.
- (flags & O_NONBLOCK) == 0
- If flags does not specify O_NONBLOCK, the
following steps occur:
- The module is marked so that no new references are
- If the module's reference count is nonzero, the caller is
placed in an uninterruptible sleep state (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE)
until the reference count is zero, at which point the call unblocks.
- The module is unloaded in the usual way.
flag has one further effect on the rules described above. By
default, if a module has an init
function but no exit
then an attempt to remove the module will fail. However, if O_TRUNC
specified, this requirement is bypassed.
Using the O_TRUNC
flag is dangerous! If the kernel was not built with
, this flag is silently ignored. (Normally,
is enabled.) Using this flag taints the
On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned and errno
- The module is not "live" (i.e., it is still being
initialized or is already marked for removal); or, the module has an
init function but has no exit function, and O_TRUNC
was not specified in flags.
- name refers to a location outside the process's
accessible address space.
- No module by that name exists.
- The caller was not privileged (did not have the
CAP_SYS_MODULE capability), or module unloading is disabled (see
/proc/sys/kernel/modules_disabled in proc(5)).
- Other modules depend on this module; or, O_NONBLOCK
was specified in flags, but the reference count of this module is
nonzero and O_TRUNC was not specified in flags.
() is Linux-specific.
() system call is not supported by glibc. No declaration
is provided in glibc headers, but, through a quirk of history, glibc versions
before 2.23 did export an ABI for this system call. Therefore, in order to
employ this system call, it is (before glibc 2.23) sufficient to manually
declare the interface in your code; alternatively, you can invoke the system
call using syscall
The uninterruptible sleep that may occur if O_NONBLOCK
is omitted from
is considered undesirable, because the sleeping process is left
in an unkillable state. As at Linux 3.7, specifying O_NONBLOCK
optional, but in future kernels it is likely to become mandatory.
In Linux 2.4 and earlier, the system call took only one argument:
int delete_module(const char *name);
is NULL, all unused modules marked auto-clean are removed.
Some further details of differences in the behavior of delete_module
Linux 2.4 and earlier are not
currently explained in this manual page.
This page is part of release 4.13 of the Linux man-pages
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