Man pages sections > man3 > Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf

Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf - passphrases using half the LAN Manager

Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf(3pm)

NAME

Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf - passphrases using half the LAN Manager algorithm

SYNOPSIS

        use Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf;
        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf->new(
                hash_hex => "855c3697d9979e78");
        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf->new(
                passphrase => "passphr");
        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf->from_crypt(
                '$LM$855c3697d9979e78');
        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf->from_rfc2307(
                '{CRYPT}$LM$855c3697d9979e78');
        $hash = $ppr->hash;
        $hash_hex = $ppr->hash_hex;
        if($ppr->match($passphrase)) { ...
        $passwd = $ppr->as_crypt;
        $userPassword = $ppr->as_rfc2307;

DESCRIPTION

An object of this class encapsulates half of a passphrase hashed using the Microsoft LAN Manager hash function. This is a subclass of Authen::Passphrase, and this document assumes that the reader is familiar with the documentation for that class. For the complete LAN Manager hash function, see Authen::Passphrase::LANManager.
In a spectacularly bad design decision, the Microsoft LAN Manager hash function splits the passphrase into two parts and hashes them separately. It is therefore possible to separate the halves of a LAN Manager hash, and do things with them (such as crack them) separately. This class is about using such a hash half on its own.
The half hash algorithm can be used on up to seven Latin-1 characters of passphrase. First the passphrase is folded to uppercase, and zero-padded to seven bytes. Then the seven bytes are used as a 56-bit DES key, to encrypt the fixed plaintext block "KGS!@#$%". The eight byte ciphertext block is the half hash. There is no salt.
Warning: Don't even think about using this seriously. It's an exceptionally weak design, flawed in pretty much every respect.

CONSTRUCTORS

Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf->new(ATTR => VALUE, ...)
Generates a new passphrase recogniser object using the LAN Manager half hash algorithm. The following attributes may be given:
hash
The hash, as a string of 8 bytes.
hash_hex
The hash, as a string of 16 hexadecimal digits.
passphrase
A passphrase that will be accepted.
 
Either the hash or the passphrase must be given.
Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf->from_crypt(PASSWD)
Generates a new LAN Manager half passphrase recogniser object from a crypt string. The crypt string must consist of " $LM$" followed by the hash in lowercase hexadecimal.
Authen::Passphrase::LANManagerHalf->from_rfc2307(USERPASSWORD)
Generates a new LAN Manager half passphrase recogniser object from an RFC 2307 string. The string must consist of " {CRYPT}" (case insensitive) followed by an acceptable crypt string.

METHODS

$ppr->hash
Returns the hash value, as a string of 8 bytes.
$ppr->hash_hex
Returns the hash value, as a string of 16 hexadecimal digits.
$ppr->match(PASSPHRASE)
$ppr->as_crypt
$ppr->as_rfc2307
These methods are part of the standard Authen::Passphrase interface.

SEE ALSO

Authen::Passphrase, Authen::Passphrase::LANManager, Crypt::DES

AUTHOR

Andrew Main (Zefram) <zefram@fysh.org> Copyright (C) 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012 Andrew Main (Zefram) <zefram@fysh.org>

LICENSE

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.
2015-06-06 perl v5.20.2