Man pages sections > man3 > CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File

CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File - Initialize FormBuilder from external file

CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File(3pm)

NAME

CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File - Initialize FormBuilder from external file

SYNOPSIS

    # use the main module
    use CGI::FormBuilder;
    my $form = CGI::FormBuilder->new(source => 'form.conf');
    my $lname = $form->field('lname');  # like normal

DESCRIPTION

This parses a file that contains FormBuilder configuration options, and returns a hash suitable for creating a new $form object. Usually, you should not use this directly, but instead pass a $filename into "CGI::FormBuilder", which calls this module.
The configuration format steals from Python (ack!) which is sensitive to indentation and newlines. This saves you work in the long run. Here's a complete form:
    # form basics
    method: POST
    header: 1
    title:  Account Information
    # define fields
    fields:
        fname:
            label:   First Name
            size:    40
        minit:
            label:   Middle Initial
            size:    1
        lname:
            label:   Last Name
            size:    60
        email:
            size:    80
        phone:
            label:    Home Phone
            comment:  (optional)
            required: 0
        sex:
            label:   Gender
            options: M=Male, F=Female
            jsclick: javascript:alert('Change your mind??')
        # custom options and sorting sub
        state:
            options:  \&getstates
            sortopts: \&sortstates
        datafile:
            label:   Upload Survey Data
            type:    file
            growable:   1
    # validate our above fields
    validate:
        email:  EMAIL
        phone:  /^1?-?\d{3}-?\d{3}-?\d{4}$/
    required: ALL
    # create two submit buttons, and skip validation on "Cancel"
    submit:  Update, Cancel
    jsfunc:  <<EOJS
  // skip validation
  if (this._submit.value == 'Cancel') return true;
EOJS
    # CSS
    styleclass: acctInfoForm
    stylesheet: /style/acct.css
Any option that FormBuilder accepts is supported by this configuration file. Basically, any time that you would place a new bracket to create a nested data structure in FormBuilder, you put a newline and indent instead.
Multiple options MUST be separated by commas. All whitespace is preserved intact, so don't be confused and do something like this:
    fields:
        send_me_emails:
            options: Yes No
Which will result in a single "Yes No" option. You want:
    fields:
        send_me_emails:
            options: Yes, No
Or even better:
    fields:
        send_me_emails:
            options: 1=Yes, 0=No
Or perhaps best of all:
    fields:
        send_me_emails:
            options: 1=Yes Please, 0=No Thanks
If you're confused, please join the mailing list:
    fbusers-subscribe@formbuilder.org
We'll be able to help you out.

METHODS

new()

This creates a new "CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File" object.
    my $source = CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File->new;
Any arguments specified are taken as defaults, which the file then overrides. For example, to always turn off "javascript" (so you don't have to in all your config files), use:
    my $source = CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File->new(
                      javascript => 0
                 );
Then, every file parsed by $source will have "javascript => 0" in it, unless that file has a "javascript:" setting itself.

parse($source)

This parses the specified source, which is either a $file, "\$string", or "\@array", and returns a hash which can be passed directly into "CGI::FormBuilder":
    my %conf = $source->parse('myform.conf');
    my $form = CGI::FormBuilder->new(%conf);

write_module($modname)

This will actually write a module in the current directory which you can then use in subsequent scripts to get the same form:
    $source->parse('myform.conf');
    $source->write_module('MyForm');    # write MyForm.pm
    # then in your Perl code
    use MyForm;
    my $form = MyForm->new;
You can also override settings from "MyForm" the same as you would in FormBuilder:
    my $form = MyForm->new(
                    header => 1,
                    submit => ['Save Changes', 'Abort']
               );
This will speed things up, since you don't have to re-parse the file every time. Nice idea Peter.

NOTES

This module was completely inspired by Peter Eichman's "Text::FormBuilder", though the syntax is different.
Remember that to get a new level in a hashref, you need to add a newline and indent. So to get something like this:
    table => {cellpadding => 1, cellspacing => 4},
    td    => {align => 'center', bgcolor => 'gray'},
    font  => {face => 'arial,helvetica', size => '+1'},
You need to say:
    table:
        cellpadding: 1
        cellspacing: 4
    td:
        align: center
        bgcolor: gray
    font:
        face: arial,helvetica
        size: +1
You get the idea...

SEE ALSO

CGI::FormBuilder, Text::FormBuilder

REVISION

$Id: File.pm 100 2007-03-02 18:13:13Z nwiger $

AUTHOR

Copyright (c) Nate Wiger <http://nateware.com>. All Rights Reserved.
This module is free software; you may copy this under the terms of the GNU General Public License, or the Artistic License, copies of which should have accompanied your Perl kit.
2016-08-22 perl v5.22.2