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Catmandu::Exporter - Namespace for packages that can export

Catmandu::Exporter(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation Catmandu::Exporter(3pm)

NAME

Catmandu::Exporter - Namespace for packages that can export

SYNOPSIS

    # From the command line
    # JSON is an importer and YAML an exporter
    $ catmandu convert JSON to YAML < data.json
    # OAI is an importer and JSON an exporter
    $ catmandu convert OAI --url http://biblio.ugent.be/oai to JSON
    # From Perl
    use Catmandu;
    my $importer = Catmandu->importer('JSON', file => 'data.json');
    my $exporter = Catmandu->exporter('YAML');
    $exporter->add({ record => "one"});
    $exporter->add_many([ { record => "one" } , { record => "two" } ]);
    $exporter->add_many($importer);
    $exporter->commit;
    undef($exporter); # Clean up memory

DESCRIPTION

A Catmandu::Exporter is a Perl package that can export data into JSON, YAML, XML or many other formats. By default, data is to STDOUT. Optionally provide a "file" or "fh" parameter to write to a file, string, or handle.
Every Catmandu::Exporter is a Catmandu::Fixable thus provides a "fix" parameter and method to apply fixes to exported items:
    my $exporter = Catmandu->exporter('JSON', fix => ['upcase(title)']);
    # This will be printed to STDOUT like: {"title":"MY TITLE"}
    $exporter->add({ title => "my title"});
Every Catmandu::Exporter is a Catmandu::Addable thus inherits the methods "add" and "add_many".

CONFIGURATION

file
Write output to a local file given by its path or file handle. Alternatively a scalar reference can be passed to write to a string and a code reference can be used to write to a callback function.
fh
Write the output to an IO::Handle. If not specified, Catmandu::Util::io is used to create the output handle from the "file" argument or by using STDOUT.
 
It is the task of the Perl programmer to close any opened IO::Handles. Catmandu will not do this by itself.
encoding
Binmode of the output stream "fh". Set to "":utf8"" by default.
fix
An ARRAY of one or more fixes or file scripts to be applied to exported items.

METHODS

add

Adds one object to be exported.

add_many

Adds many objects to be exported. This can be either an ARRAY-ref or an Catmandu::Iterator. Returns a true value when the export was successful or undef on error.

count

Returns the number of items exported by this Catmandu::Exporter.

log

Returns the current logger.

commit

Commit all buffers to the output handle.

CODING

Create your own exporter by creating a Perl package in the Catmandu::Exporter namespace that implements "Catmandu::Exporter". Basically, you need to create a method add which writes a Perl hash to a file handle:
    package Catmandu::Exporter::Foo;
    use Catmandu::Sane;
    use Moo;
    with 'Catmandu::Exporter'
    sub add {
        my ($self, $data) = @_;
        my $fh = $self->fh;
        $fh->print( "Hello, World!");
    }
    sub commit {
        my ($self) = @_;
        # this will be called at the end of the record stream
    }
    1;
This exporter can be called from the command line as:
    $ catmandu convert JSON to Foo < data.json
Or, via Perl
    use Catmandu;
    my $exporter = Catmandu->exporter('Foo', file => "/tmp/output.txt");
    $exporter->add({test => 123});
    $exporter->commit;
    undef($exporter);

SEE ALSO

See function export_to_string in module Catmandu.
The exporters Catmandu::Exporter::JSON, Catmandu::Exporter::YAML, Catmandu::Exporter::CSV, and Catmandu::Exporter::Text are included in Catmandu core.
See Catmandu::Importer for the opposite action.
2017-10-01 perl v5.26.0