Man pages sections > man3 > Config::Model::Backend::IniFile

Config::Model::Backend::IniFile - Read and write config as a INI file

Config::Model::Backend::IniFile(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation Config::Model::Backend::IniFile(3pm)

NAME

Config::Model::Backend::IniFile - Read and write config as a INI file

VERSION

version 2.113

SYNOPSIS

 use Config::Model;
 my $model = Config::Model->new;
 $model->create_config_class (
    name    => "IniClass",
    element => [
        [qw/foo bar/] => {
            type => 'list',
            cargo => {qw/type leaf value_type string/}
        }
    ]
 );
 # model for free INI class name and constrained class parameters
 $model->create_config_class(
    name => "MyClass",
    element => [
        ini_class => {
            type   => 'hash',
            index_type => 'string',
            cargo => {
                type => 'node',
                config_class_name => 'IniClass'
            },
        },
    ],
   rw_config  => {
     backend => 'IniFile',
     config_dir => '/tmp',
     file  => 'foo.conf',
     store_class_in_hash => 'ini_class',
     auto_create => 1,
   }
 );
 my $inst = $model->instance(root_class_name => 'MyClass' );
 my $root = $inst->config_root ;
 $root->load('ini_class:ONE foo=FOO1 bar=BAR1 - 
              ini_class:TWO foo=FOO2' );
 $inst->write_back ;
Now "/tmp/foo.conf" contains:
 ## file written by Config::Model
 [ONE]
 foo=FOO1
 bar=BAR1
 [TWO]
 foo=FOO2

DESCRIPTION

This module is used directly by Config::Model to read or write the content of a configuration tree written with INI syntax in "Config::Model" configuration tree.
This INI file can have arbitrary comment delimiter. See the example in the SYNOPSIS that sets a semi-column as comment delimiter. By default the comment delimiter is '#' like in Shell or Perl.
Note that undefined values are skipped for list element. I.e. when a list element contains "('a',undef,'b')", the data structure contains 'a','b'.

Limitations

Structure

Structure of the Config::Model must be very simple. Either:
A single class with hash of leaves elements.
2 levels of classes. The top level has nodes elements. All other classes have only leaf elements.

Comments in Ini file

This backend tries to read and write comments from configuration file. The comments are stored as annotation within the configuration tree. Comments extraction is based on best estimation as to which parameter the comment may apply. Wrong estimations are possible.

CONSTRUCTOR

new ( node => $node_obj, name => 'inifile' ) ;

Inherited from Config::Model::Backend::Any. The constructor is called by Config::Model::BackendMgr.

Parameters

Optional parameters declared in the model:
comment_delimiter
Change the character that starts comments in the INI file. Default is '"#"'.
 
Some Ini files allows comments to begin with several characters (e.g. "#" or ";"). In this case, set "comment_delimiter" to the possible characters (e.g ""#;""). The first character is used to write back comments. (In the example above, comment "; blah" is written back as "# blah".
store_class_in_hash
See "Arbitrary class name"
section_map
Is a kind of exception of the above rule. See also "Arbitrary class name"
force_lc_section
Boolean. When set, sections names are converted to lowercase.
force_lc_key
Idem for key name
force_lc_value
Idem for all values.
split_list_value
Some INI values are in fact a list of items separated by a space or a comma. This parameter specifies the regex to use to split the value into a list. This applies only to "list" elements.
join_list_value
Conversely, the list element split with "split_list_value" needs to be written back with a string to join them. Specify this string (usually ' ' or ', ') with "join_list_value".
split_check_list_value
Some INI values are in fact a check list of items separated by a space or a comma. This parameter specifies the regex to use to split the value read from the file into a list of items to check. This applies only to "check_list" elements.
join_check_list_value
Conversely, the check_list element split with "split_list_value" needs to be written back with a string to join them. Specify this string (usually ' ' or ', ') with "join_check_list_value".
write_boolean_as
Array ref. Reserved for boolean value. Specify how to write a boolean value. Default is "[0,1]" which may not be the most readable. "write_boolean_as" can be specified as "['false','true']" or "['no','yes']".
assign_char
Character used to assign value in INI file. Default is "=".
assign_with
String used write assignment in INI file. Default is "" = "".

Mapping between INI structure and model

INI file typically have the same structure with 2 different conventions. The class names can be imposed by the application or may be chosen by user.

Imposed class name

In this case, the class names must match what is expected by the application. The elements of each class can be different. For instance:
  foo = foo_v
  [ A ]
  bar = bar_v
  [ B ]
  baz = baz_v
In this case, class "A" and class "B" do not use the same configuration class.
The model has this structure:
 Root class 
 |- leaf element foo
 |- node element A of class_A
 |  \- leaf element bar
 \- node element B of class_B
    \-  leaf element baz

Arbitrary class name

In this case, the class names can be chosen by the end user. Each class has the same elements. For instance:
  foo = foo_v
  [ A ]
  bar = bar_v1
  [ B ]
  bar = bar_v2
In this case, class "A" and class "B" do not use the same configuration class. The model has this structure:
 Root class 
 |- leaf foo
 \- hash element my_class_holder
    |- key A (value is node of class_A)
    |  \- element-bar
    \- key B (value is node of class_A)
       \- element-bar
In this case, the "my_class_holder" name is specified in "rw_config" with "store_class_in_hash" parameter:
    rw_config  => {
      backend => 'IniFile',
      config_dir => '/tmp',
      file  => 'foo.ini',
      store_class_in_hash => 'my_class_holder',
    }
Of course they are exceptions. For instance, in "Multistrap", the "[General]" INI class must be mapped to a specific node object. This can be specified with the "section_map" parameter:
    rw_config  => }
       backend => 'IniFile',
       config_dir => '/tmp',
       file  => 'foo.ini',
       store_class_in_hash => 'my_class_holder',
       section_map => {
           General => 'general_node',
       }
    }
"section_map" can also map an INI class to the root node:
    rw_config => {
      backend => 'ini_file',
      store_class_in_hash => 'sections',
      section_map => {
          General => '!'
      },
    }

Handle key value files

This backend is able to handle simple configuration files where the values are written as key value pairs like:
 foo = bar
or
 foo: bar
The option "assign_char" is used to specify which character is used to assign a value in the file (white spaces are ignored). "assign_char" is ""="" (the default) in the first example, and "":"" in the second.
The "assign_with" is used to control how the file is written back. E.g:
 foo=bar   # the default
 foo= bar  # assign_with is "= "
 foo = bar # assign_with is " = "
 foo:bar   # assign_char is ':', assign_with is the default
 foo: bar  # assign_char is ':', assign_with is ": "
 foo : bar # assign_char is ':', assign_with is " : "

Methods

read ( io_handle => ... )

Of all parameters passed to this read call-back, only "io_handle" is used. This parameter must be IO::File object already opened for read.
It can also be undef. In this case, "read()" returns 0.
When a file is read, "read()" returns 1.

write ( io_handle => ... )

Of all parameters passed to this write call-back, only "io_handle" is used. This parameter must be IO::File object already opened for write.
"write()" returns 1.

AUTHOR

Dominique Dumont, (ddumont at cpan dot org); Krzysztof Tyszecki, (krzysztof.tyszecki at gmail dot com)

SEE ALSO

Config::Model, Config::Model::BackendMgr, Config::Model::Backend::Any,

AUTHOR

Dominique Dumont This software is Copyright (c) 2005-2017 by Dominique Dumont.
This is free software, licensed under:
  The GNU Lesser General Public License, Version 2.1, February 1999
2017-10-13 perl v5.26.0