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DBIx::DBSchema::DBD - DBIx::DBSchema Driver Writer's Guide and Base Class

DBSchema::DBD(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation DBSchema::DBD(3pm)

NAME

DBIx::DBSchema::DBD - DBIx::DBSchema Driver Writer's Guide and Base Class

SYNOPSIS

  perldoc DBIx::DBSchema::DBD
  package DBIx::DBSchema::DBD::FooBase
  use DBIx::DBSchema::DBD;
  @ISA = qw(DBIx::DBSchema::DBD);

DESCRIPTION

Drivers should be named DBIx::DBSchema::DBD::DatabaseName, where DatabaseName is the same as the DBD:: driver for this database. Drivers should implement the following class methods:
columns CLASS DBI_DBH TABLE
Given an active DBI database handle, return a listref of listrefs (see perllol), each containing six elements: column name, column type, nullability, column length, column default, and a field reserved for driver-specific use.
column CLASS DBI_DBH TABLE COLUMN
Same as columns above, except return the listref for a single column. You can inherit from DBIx::DBSchema::DBD to provide this function.
primary_key CLASS DBI_DBH TABLE
Given an active DBI database handle, return the primary key for the specified table.
unique CLASS DBI_DBH TABLE
Deprecated method - see the indices method for new drivers.
 
Given an active DBI database handle, return a hashref of unique indices. The keys of the hashref are index names, and the values are arrayrefs which point a list of column names for each. See "HASHES OF LISTS" in perldsc and DBIx::DBSchema::Index.
index CLASS DBI_DBH TABLE
Deprecated method - see the indices method for new drivers.
 
Given an active DBI database handle, return a hashref of (non-unique) indices. The keys of the hashref are index names, and the values are arrayrefs which point a list of column names for each. See "HASHES OF LISTS" in perldsc and DBIx::DBSchema::Index.
indices CLASS DBI_DBH TABLE
Given an active DBI database handle, return a hashref of all indices, both unique and non-unique. The keys of the hashref are index names, and the values are again hashrefs with the following keys:
name - Index name (redundant)
using - Optional index method
unique - Boolean indicating whether or not this is a unique index
columns - List reference of column names (or expressions)
 
(See FS::DBIx::DBSchema::Index)
 
New drivers are advised to implement this method, and existing drivers are advised to (eventually) provide this method instead of index and unique.
 
For backwards-compatibility with current drivers, the base DBIx::DBSchema::DBD class provides an indices method which uses the old index and unique methods to provide this data.
default_db_catalog
Returns the default database catalog for the DBI table_info command. Inheriting from DBIx::DBSchema::DBD will provide the default empty string.
default_db_schema
Returns the default database schema for the DBI table_info command. Inheriting from DBIx::DBSchema::DBD will provide the default empty string.
constraints CLASS DBI_DBH TABLE
Given an active DBI database handle, return the constraints (currently, foreign keys) for the specified table, as a list of hash references.
 
Each hash reference has the following keys:
constraint - contraint name
columns - List refrence of column names
table - Foreign taable name
references - List reference of column names in foreign table
match -
on_delete -
on_update -
column_callback DBH TABLE_NAME COLUMN_OBJ
Optional callback for driver-specific overrides to SQL column definitions.
 
Should return a hash reference, empty for no action, or with one or more of the following keys defined:
 
effective_type - Optional type override used during column creation.
 
explicit_null - Set true to have the column definition declare NULL columns explicitly
 
effective_default - Optional default override used during column creation.
 
effective_local - Optional local override used during column creation.
add_column_callback DBH TABLE_NAME COLUMN_OBJ
Optional callback for additional SQL statments to be called when adding columns to an existing table.
 
Should return a hash reference, empty for no action, or with one or more of the following keys defined:
 
effective_type - Optional type override used during column creation.
 
effective_null - Optional nullability override used during column creation.
 
sql_after - Array reference of SQL statements to be executed after the column is added.
alter_column_callback DBH TABLE_NAME OLD_COLUMN_OBJ NEW_COLUMN_OBJ
Optional callback for overriding the SQL statments to be called when altering columns to an existing table.
 
Should return a hash reference, empty for no action, or with one or more of the following keys defined:
 
sql_alter - Alter SQL statement(s) for changing everything about a column. Specifying this overrides processing of individual changes (type, nullability, default, etc.).
 
sql_alter_type - Alter SQL statement(s) for changing type and length (there is no default).
 
sql_alter_null - Alter SQL statement(s) for changing nullability to be used instead of the default.
column_value_needs_quoting COLUMN_OBJ
Optional callback for determining if a column's default value require quoting. Returns true if it does, false otherwise.

TYPE MAPPING

You can define a %typemap array for your driver to map "standard" data types to database-specific types. For example, the MySQL TIMESTAMP field has non-standard auto-updating semantics; the MySQL DATETIME type is what other databases and the ODBC standard call TIMESTAMP, so one of the entries in the MySQL %typemap is:
  'TIMESTAMP' => 'DATETIME',
Another example is the Pg %typemap which maps the standard types BLOB and LONG VARBINARY to the Pg-specific BYTEA:
  'BLOB' => 'BYTEA',
  'LONG VARBINARY' => 'BYTEA',
Make sure you use all uppercase-keys.

AUTHOR

Ivan Kohler <ivan-dbix-dbschema@420.am> Copyright (c) 2000-2005 Ivan Kohler Copyright (c) 2007-2013 Freeside Internet Services, Inc. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

BUGS

SEE ALSO

DBIx::DBSchema, DBIx::DBSchema::DBD::mysql, DBIx::DBSchema::DBD::Pg, DBIx::DBSchema::Index, DBI, DBI::DBD, perllol, "HASHES OF LISTS" in perldsc
2013-11-03 perl v5.20.2