Man pages sections > man3 > Date::Manip::Lang::german

Date::Manip::Lang::german - German language support.

Date::Manip::Lang::german(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation Date::Manip::Lang::german(3pm)

NAME

Date::Manip::Lang::german - German language support.

SYNOPSIS

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

LANGUAGE EXPRESSIONS

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.
All strings are case insensitive.
Month names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.
 
The following month names may be used:
 
   Januar
   Jänner
   Februar
   März
   Marz
   Maerz
   April
   Mai
   Juni
   Juli
   August
   September
   Oktober
   November
   Dezember
    
 
The following abbreviations may be used:
 
   Jän
   Jan
   Feb
   Mär
   Mar
   Apr
   Mai
   Jun
   Jul
   Aug
   Sep
   Okt
   Nov
   Dez
    
Day names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.
 
The following day names may be used:
 
   Montag
   Dienstag
   Mittwoch
   Donnerstag
   Freitag
   Samstag
   Sonnabend
   Sonntag
    
 
The following abbreviations may be used:
 
   Mo
   Mo.
   Di
   Di.
   Mi
   Mi.
   Do
   Do.
   Fr
   Fr.
   Sa
   Sa.
   So
   So.
    
 
The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:
 
   M
   Di
   Mi
   Do
   F
   Sa
   So
    
Delta field names
These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.
 
The names and abbreviations for these fields are:
 
   Jahren
   j
   Jahr
   Jahre
   Monaten
   m
   Monat
   Monate
   Wochen
   w
   Woche
   Tagen
   t
   Tag
   Tage
   Stunden
   h
   std
   Stunde
   Minuten
   min
   Minute
   Sekunden
   s
   sek
   Sekunde
    
Morning/afternoon times
This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".
 
Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:
 
   FM
   vorm.
   EM
   nachm.
    
Each or every
There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:
 
   EACH Monday
   EVERY Monday
   EVERY month
    
 
The following words may be used:
 
   jeden
    
Next/Previous/Last occurrence
There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:
 
   NEXT week
   LAST Tuesday
   PREVIOUS Tuesday
   LAST day of the month
    
 
The following words may be used:
 
Next occurrence:
 
   nachsten
   nächsten
   nachste
   nächste
    
 
Previous occurrence:
 
   vorherigen
   vorherige
   letzte
   letzten
    
 
Last occurrence:
 
   letzten
   letzte
    
Delta words for going forward/backward in time
When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:
 
   IN 5 days
   5 days AGO
    
 
The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:
 
   vor
   vorigen
   vorherigen
   vorherige
   in
   spater
   später
    
Business mode
This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.
 
Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.
 
The following words may be used:
 
   genau
   ungefahr
   ungefähr
    
 
The following words may be used to specify a business delta:
 
   Arbeitstag
   Arbeits
    
Numbers
Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:
 
   1.
   erste
   erster
   eins
   2.
   zweite
   zwei
   zweiter
   3.
   dritte
   drei
   dritter
   4.
   vierte
   vier
   5.
   funfte
   fünfte
   fünf
   fünfter
   funf
   funfter
   6.
   sechste
   sechs
   sechster
   7.
   siebente
   siebte
   sieben
   siebter
   8.
   achte
   achten
   9.
   neunte
   neun
   neunten
   10.
   zehnte
   zehn
   zehnten
   11.
   elfte
   elf
   12.
   zwolfte
   zwölfte
   zwölf
   zwölften
   zwolf
   zwolften
   13.
   dreizehnte
   dreizehn
   14.
   vierzehnte
   vierzehn
   15.
   funfzehnte
   fünfzehnte
   fünfzehn
   fünfzehnten
   funfzehn
   funfzehnten
   16.
   sechzehnte
   sechzehn
   17.
   siebzehnte
   siebzehn
   18.
   achtzehnte
   achtzehn
   19.
   neunzehnte
   neunzehn
   20.
   zwanzigste
   zwanzig
   zwanzigsten
   21.
   einundzwanzigste
   einundzwanzigsten
   22.
   zweiundzwanzigste
   zweiundzwanzigsten
   23.
   dreiundzwanzigste
   dreiundzwanzigsten
   24.
   vierundzwanzigste
   vierundzwanzigsten
   25.
   funfundzwanzigste
   fünfundzwanzigste
   fünfundzwanzigsten
   funfundzwanzigsten
   26.
   sechsundzwanzigste
   sechsundzwanzigsten
   27.
   siebenundzwanzigste
   siebenundzwanzigsten
   28.
   achtundzwanzigste
   achtundzwanzigsten
   29.
   neunundzwanzigste
   neunundzwanzigsten
   30.
   dreibigste
   dreißigste
   dreißig
   dreißigsten
   dreibig
   dreibigsten
   31.
   einunddreibigste
   einunddreißigste
   einunddreißig
   einunddreißigsten
   einunddreibig
   einunddreibigsten
   32.
   zweiunddreißig
   zweiunddreißigste
   zweiunddreibig
   zweiunddreibigste
   33.
   dreiunddreißig
   dreiunddreißigsten
   dreiunddreibig
   dreiunddreibigsten
   34.
   vierunddreißig
   vierunddreißigste
   vierunddreibig
   vierunddreibigste
   35.
   fünfunddreißig
   fünfunddreißigste
   funfunddreibig
   funfunddreibigste
   36.
   sechsunddreißig
   sechsunddreißigste
   sechsunddreibig
   sechsunddreibigste
   37.
   siebenunddreißig
   siebenunddreißigsten
   siebenunddreibig
   siebenunddreibigsten
   38.
   achtunddreißig
   achtunddreißigsten
   achtunddreibig
   achtunddreibigsten
   39.
   neununddreißig
   neununddreißigsten
   neununddreibig
   neununddreibigsten
   40.
   vierzig
   vierzigsten
   41.
   einundvierzig
   einundvierzigsten
   42.
   zweiundvierzig
   zweiundvierzigsten
   43.
   dreiundvierzig
   dreiundvierzigsten
   44.
   vierundvierzig
   vierundvierzigsten
   45.
   fünfundvierzig
   fünfundvierzigsten
   funfundvierzig
   funfundvierzigsten
   46.
   sechsundvierzig
   sechsundvierzigsten
   47.
   siebenundvierzig
   siebenundvierzigste
   47.
   siebenundvierzig
   siebenundvierzigste
   49.
   neunundvierzig
   neunundvierzigsten
   50.
   fünfzig
   fünfzigsten
   funfzig
   funfzigsten
   51.
   einundfünfzig
   einundfünfzigsten
   einundfunfzig
   einundfunfzigsten
   52.
   zweiundfünfzig
   zweiundfünfzigsten
   zweiundfunfzig
   zweiundfunfzigsten
   53.
   dreiundfünfzig
   dreiundfünfzigsten
   dreiundfunfzig
   dreiundfunfzigsten
    
Ignored words
In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.
 
There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:
 
   December 3 at 12:00
    
 
The following words may be used:
 
   um
    
 
Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:
 
   1st day OF December
   1st day IN December
    
 
The following words may be used:
 
   der
   im
   des
    
 
Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:
 
   ON July 5th
    
 
The following words may be used:
 
   am
    
Words that set the date, time, or both
There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.
 
Words that set the date are similar to the English words 'yesterday' or 'tomorrow'. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).
 
The following words may be used:
 
   gestern              -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
   heute                0:0:0:0:0:0:0
   morgen               +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
   übermorgen           +0:0:0:2:0:0:0
    
 
Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words 'noon' or 'midnight'.
 
The following words may be used:
 
   mittag               12:00:00
   mitternacht          00:00:00
    
 
Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.
 
In English, the word 'now' is one of these.
 
The following words may be used:
 
   jetzt                0:0:0:0:0:0:0
    
Hour/Minute/Second separators
When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.
 
Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:
 
   : :
   h :
    
 
The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf-8 characters may be tricky. For example, don't include the expression '[x]' where 'x' is a utf-8 character.
 
A pair of colons is ALWAY allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:
 
   Not defined in this language
    
Fractional second separator
When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.
 
The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:
 
   Not defined in this language
    

KNOWN BUGS

None known.

BUGS AND QUESTIONS

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

SEE ALSO

Date::Manip - main module documentation

LICENSE

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

AUTHOR

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)
2017-10-14 perl v5.26.0