/etc/anacrontab - monotonic jobs
The file /etc/anacrontab
follow the rules previously set by
Lines starting with '#' are comments.
Environment variables can be set using VAR=VALUE
The special RANDOM_DELAY
(in minutes) environment variable is translated
The special START_HOURS_RANGE
(in hours) environment variable is
translated to the ´hour´
component of OnCalendar=.
anacron expect a range in the format ##-##, systemd-crontab-generator only use
the starting hour of the range as reference.
The other lines are job-descriptions that follow this layout:
period delay job-identifier command
- period is a number of days to wait between each job
execution, or special values @daily, @weekly, @monthly, @yearly
- delay is a number of extra minutes to wait before
starting job. It is translated in OnBootSec=
- job-identifier is a single word.
systemd-crontab-generator uses it to construct the dynamic unit names:
cron-<job-identifier>-root-0.timer and matching
- command is the command that is run by a shell
systemd-crontab-generator doesn't support multiline commands.
greater than 30 is rounded to the closest month
There are subtle differences on how anacron & systemd handle persistente
timers: anacron will run a weekly job at most once a week, with always a
minimum delay of 6 days between runs; where systemd will try to run it every
monday at 00:00; or as soon the system boot. In the most extreme case, if a
system was only started on sunday; a weekly job will run this day and the
again the next (mon)day.
With careful manual settings, it would be possible to run the real anacron
binary (not your distro's package) with systemd-cron; if you need an identical
There is no difference for the daily job.
After editing /etc/anacrontab, you can run journalctl -n
to see if the timers have well been updated.
Alexandre Detiste <email@example.com>