Man pages sections > man5 > darkice

darkice.cfg - configuration file for darkice

darkice.cfg(5) DarkIce live audio streamer darkice.cfg(5)

NAME

darkice.cfg - configuration file for darkice

DESCRIPTION

The configuration file consists of sections, with key = value pairs separated with spaces and/or tabs inside each secion:
 
[section1]
# this is a whole line comment
key = value
an ugly key name = long value    # this end is a comment too
[section2] # this is a whole line comment in section 2 key = value an ugly key name = long value # this end is a comment too
 
A proper DarkIce configuration file contains the following sections:
[general]
[input]
[icecast-0] ... [icecast-7]
[icecast2-0] ... [icecast2-7]
[shoutcast-0] ... [shoutcast-7]
[file-0] ... [file-7]
 
The order of the sections is not important. Sections [general] and [input] are required, and at least one of [icecast-x], [icecast2-x], [shoutcast-x] or [file-x] is needed.
 
In particular, the following sections and values are recognized:
[general]
 
This section describes general operational parameters (required).
 
Required values:
 
duration
Time for DarkIce to run, in seconds. If 0, run forever.
bufferSecs
Data read from the sound card is buffered before sent to the encoder. Each buffer will be able to hold this many seconds of samples.
 
Optional values:
 
reconnect
Try to reconnect to the server(s) if the connection is broken during streaming, "yes" or "no". (optional parameter, defaults to "yes")
realtime
Use POSIX realtime scheduling, "yes" or "no". (optional parameter, defaults to "yes")
rtprio
Scheduling priority for the realtime threads. (optional parameter, defaults to 4)
 
 
[input]
 
This section describes the input (required).
 
Required values:
 
device
Specify the device to record from, which can be an OSS DSP device, an ALSA source, PulseAudio source or you can use Jack audio. - OSS DSP audio device to record from (e.g. /dev/dsp) - ALSA DSP device name (e.g. hwplug:0,0) - for PulseAudio use "pulseaudio" - the string 'jack', to have an unconnected Jack port, or
'jack_auto' to automatically make Jack connect to the first source.
sampleRate
The sample rate to record with, samples per second (e.g. 44100 for 44.1kHz CD-quality audio, 22050 for 22kHz or 11025 for 11kHz)
bitsPerSample
Number of bits to use for each sample (e.g. 8 bits or 16 bits)
channel
Number of channels to record (e.g. 1 for mono, 2 for stereo)
jackClientName
The name of the jack input channel created by darkice if device=jack is specified.
paSourceName
The name of the PulseAudio source to use. It can be "default", an index or a device string obtained from running "pactl list"
 
[icecast-x]
 
This section describes an output to an IceCast 1.3.x server or Darwin Streaming Server , while encoding with a lame encoder. There may be at most 8 outputs, numbered from 0 ... 7. The number is included in the section name (e.g. [icecast-0] ... [icecast-7]). The stream will be reachable at http://<server>:<port>/<mountPoint>
 
Required values:
 
bitrateMode
The bit rate mode of the encoding, either "cbr", "abr" or "vbr", standing for constant bit rate, average bit rate and variable bit respectively. Use the bitrate and/or quality values to specify details of the appropriate bit rate mode.
bitrate
Bit rate to encode to in kBits / sec (e.g. 96). Only used when cbr or abr bit rate modes are specified.
quality
The quality of encoding a value between 0.0 .. 1.0 (e.g. 0.8), with 1.0 being the highest quality. Use a value greater than 0.0. Only used when cbr or vbr bit rate modes are specified.
server
The IceCast server's name (e.g. yp.yourserver.com)
port
The port to connect to the IceCast server (e.g. 8000)
password
The password to use to connect to the IceCast server
mountPoint
Mount point for the stream on the server
 
Optional values:
 
sampleRate
The sample rate of the encoded mp3 output. If not specified, defaults to the value of the input sample rate.
channel
Number of channels for the mp3 output (e.g. 1 for mono, 2 for stereo). If not specified, defaults to the value of the input sample rate.
name
Name of the stream
description
Description of the stream
url
Url related to the stream
genre
Genre of the stream
public
"yes" or "no", whether the stream is public
remoteDumpFile
The file the IceCast server should dump the contents of this stream on its side.
localDumpFile
Dump the same mp3 data sent to the IceCast server to this local file.
fileAddDate
"yes" or "no" if you want to automatically insert a date string in the localDumpFile name before its extension or at the end of file name if no extension present
fileDateFormat
The date format to use for appending the date to the dump file name. Defaults to "[%m-%d-%Y-%H-%M-%S]". All format strings acceptable by strftime() can be used, see the strftime man page for details. Only applicable is fileAddDate is "true".
lowpass
Lowpass filter setting for the lame encoder, in Hz. Frequencies above the specified value will be cut. If not set or set to 0, the encoder's default behaviour is used. If set to -1, the filter is disabled.
highpass
Highpass filter setting for the lame encoder, in Hz. Frequencies below the specified value will be cut. If not set or set to 0, the encoder's default behaviour is used. If set to -1, the filter is disabled.
 
[icecast2-x]
 
This section describes an output to an IceCast2 server, while encoding with the ogg vobis encoder. There may be at most 8 outputs, numbered from 0 ... 7. The number is included in the section name (e.g. [icecast2-0] ... [icecast2-7]). The stream will be reachable at http://<server>:<port>/<mountPoint>
DarkIce supports both fixed bitrate and variable bitrate vorbis streams. When using fixed bitrate, specify the bitrate using the bitrate field. When using variable bitrate, specify the quality of the stream by the quality field, which is a value between 0.0 and 1.0.
 
Required values:
 
format
Format of the stream sent to the IceCast2 server. Supported formats are 'vorbis', 'opus', 'mp3', 'mp2', 'aac' and 'aacp'.
bitrateMode
The bit rate mode of the encoding, either "cbr", "abr" or "vbr", standing for constant bit rate, average bit rate and variable bit respectively. Use the bitrate and/or quality values to specify details of the appropriate bit rate mode. Ogg Opus only supports 'cbr' and 'abr'.
bitrate
Bit rate to encode to in kBits / sec (e.g. 96). Only used when cbr or abr bit rate modes are specified.
quality
The quality of encoding a value between 0.0 .. 1.0 (e.g. 0.8), with 1.0 being the highest quality. Use a value greater than 0.0. Only used when vbr bit rate mode is specified for Ogg Vorbis format, or in vbr and abr modes for mp3 and mp2 format.
server
The IceCast2 server's name (e.g. yp.yourserver.com)
port
The port to connect to the IceCast server (e.g. 8000)
password
The password to use to connect to the IceCast2 server
mountPoint
Mount point for the stream on the server
 
Optional values:
 
sampleRate
The sample rate of the encoded output. If not specified, defaults to the value of the input sample rate. Please note that Ogg Opus only supports 48kHz sample rate, and will resample to this rate.
channel
Number of channels for the output (e.g. 1 for mono, 2 for stereo). If not specified, defaults to the value of the input sample rate. Different channels for input and output are only supported for mp3, but not for Ogg Vorbis.
maxBitrate
The maximum bitrate of the stream. Only used when in cbr mode and in Ogg Vorbis format.
name
Name of the stream
description
Description of the stream
url
Url related to the stream
genre
Genre of the stream
public
"yes" or "no", whether the stream is public
localDumpFile
Dump the same Ogg Vorbis data sent to the IceCast2 server to this local file.
fileAddDate
"yes" or "no" if you want to automatically insert a date string in the localDumpFile name before its extension or at the end of file name if no extension present
fileDateFormat
The date format to use for appending the date to the dump file name. Defaults to "[%m-%d-%Y-%H-%M-%S]". All format strings acceptable by strftime() can be used, see the strftime man page for details. Only applicable is fileAddDate is "true".
lowpass
Lowpass filter setting for the lame encoder, in Hz. Frequencies above the specified value will be cut. If not set or set to 0, the encoder's default behaviour is used. If set to -1, the filter is disabled. Only has effect if the mp3 or mp2 format is used.
highpass
Highpass filter setting for the lame encoder, in Hz. Frequencies below the specified value will be cut. If not set or set to 0, the encoder's default behaviour is used. If set to -1, the filter is disabled. Only has effect if the mp3 or mp2 format is used.
 
[shoutcast-x]
 
This section describes an output to a ShoutCast server, while encoding with a lame encoder. There may be at most 8 outputs, numbered from 0 ... 7. The number is included in the section name (e.g. [shoutcast-0] ... [shoutcast-7]). The stream will be reachable at http://<server>:<port-1>/
 
Required values:
 
bitrateMode
The bit rate mode of the encoding, either "cbr", "abr" or "vbr", standing for constant bit rate, average bit rate and variable bit respectively. Use the bitrate and/or quality values to specify details of the appropriate bit rate mode.
bitrate
Bit rate to encode to in kBits / sec (e.g. 96). Only used when cbr or abr bit rate modes are specified.
quality
The quality of encoding a value between 0.0 .. 1.0 (e.g. 0.8), with 1.0 being the highest quality. Use a value greater than 0.0. Only used when cbr or vbr bit rate modes are specified.
server
The ShoutCast server's name (e.g. yp.yourserver.com)
port
The source port to connect to the ShoutCast server (e.g. 8001)
password
The password to use to connect to the ShoutCast server
 
Optional values:
 
mountPoint
Mount point for the stream on the server. Only works on Darwin Streaming Server, the original Shoutcast server does not support mount points
sampleRate
The sample rate of the encoded mp3 output. If not specified, defaults to the value of the input sample rate.
channel
Number of channels for the mp3 output (e.g. 1 for mono, 2 for stereo). If not specified, defaults to the value of the input sample rate.
name
Name of the stream
url
Url related to the stream
genre
Genre of the stream
public
"yes" or "no", whether the stream is public
irc
IRC information related to the stream
aim
AIM information related to the stream
icq
ICQ information related to the stream
lowpass
Lowpass filter setting for the lame encoder, in Hz. Frequencies above the specified value will be cut. If not set or set to 0, the encoder's default behaviour is used. If set to -1, the filter is disabled.
highpass
Highpass filter setting for the lame encoder, in Hz. Frequencies below the specified value will be cut. If not set or set to 0, the encoder's default behaviour is used. If set to -1, the filter is disabled.
localDumpFile
Dump the same mp3 data sent to the ShoutCast server to this local file.
fileAddDate
"yes" or "no" if you want to automatically insert a date string in the localDumpFile name before its extension or at the end of file name if no extension present
fileDateFormat
The date format to use for appending the date to the dump file name. Defaults to "[%m-%d-%Y-%H-%M-%S]". All format strings acceptable by strftime() can be used, see the strftime man page for details. Only applicable is fileAddDate is "true".
[file-x]
 
This section describes an output to a local file in either Ogg Vorbis or mp3 format. There may be at most 8 outputs, numbered from 0 ... 7. The number is included in the section name (e.g. [file-0] ... [file-7]).
 
Required values:
 
format
Format to encode in. Must be either 'mp3', 'mp2', 'vorbis', 'opus', 'aac' or 'aacp'.
bitrateMode
The bit rate mode of the encoding, either "cbr", "abr" or "vbr", standing for constant bit rate, average bit rate and variable bit respectively. Use the bitrate and/or quality values to specify details of the appropriate bit rate mode.
bitrate
Bit rate to encode to in kBits / sec (e.g. 96). Only used when cbr or abr bit rate modes are specified.
quality
The quality of encoding a value between 0.0 .. 1.0 (e.g. 0.8), with 1.0 being the highest quality. Use a value greater than 0.0. Only used when cbr or vbr bit rate modes are specified.
fileName
The name of the local file to save the encoded data into.
 
Optional values:
 
sampleRate
The sample rate of the encoded mp3 output. If not specified, defaults to the value of the input sample rate. Only used if the output format is mp3.
lowpass
Lowpass filter setting for the lame encoder, in Hz. Frequencies above the specified value will be cut. If not set or set to 0, the encoder's default behaviour is used. If set to -1, the filter is disabled. Only used if the output format is mp3.
highpass
Highpass filter setting for the lame encoder, in Hz. Frequencies below the specified value will be cut. If not set or set to 0, the encoder's default behaviour is used. If set to -1, the filter is disabled. Only used if the output format is mp3.
 
A sample configuration file follows. This file makes DarkIce stream for 1 minute (60 seconds) from the audio device /dev/dsp at 22.05kHz, 16 bit stereo. It will build up a connection to the IceCast server yp.yourserver.com on port 8000 with the password "hackme". The stream will be encoded to 96 kb/s mp3 with quality 0.8, and will be reachable at http://yp.yourserver.com:8000/live96 to mp3 players. The encoding session will be stored by IceCast in the file /tmp/server-dump.mp3 on the server side, and also by DarkIce in the file /tmp/encoder-dump.mp3 on the encoder side.
 
[general]
duration        = 60
bufferSecs      = 5
[input] device = /dev/dsp sampleRate = 22050 bitsPerSample = 16 channel = 2
[icecast-0] bitrateMode = cbr bitrate = 96 quality = 0.8 server = yp.yourserver.com port = 8000 password = hackme mountPoint = live96 name = DarkIce trial description = This is only a trial url = http://www.yourserver.com genre = live public = no remoteDumpFile = /tmp/server-dump.mp3 localDumpFile = /tmp/encoder-dump.mp3 fileAddDate = no
 
 
The following sample configuration file simply encodes the 16 bit stereo 44.1 kHz sound card input into Ogg Vorbis at average bit rate 96 kb/s for 60 seconds, and saves it in the local file at /tmp/save.ogg.
 
[general]
duration        = 60
bufferSecs      = 5
[input] device = /dev/dsp sampleRate = 44100 bitsPerSample = 16 channel = 2
[file-0] format = vorbis bitrateMode = abr bitrate = 96 fileName = /tmp/save.ogg
 
 
A bit more complicated sample follows. This one makes DarkIce stream for 1 hour (3600 seconds) from the audio device /dev/dsp at 44.1kHz, 16 bit stereo.
 
It will build up a connection to an IceCast server yp.your-ice-server.com on port 8000 with the password "ice-hackme". The sound for this stream will be cut at 10500 Hz from above. The stream will be encoded to average bit rate 96 kb/s mp3 and resampled to 22.05kHz and 1 channel (mono). The stream will be reachable at http://yp.your-ice-server.com:8000/live96 to mp3 players. The encoding session will be stored by IceCast in the file /tmp/live96.mp3 on the server side.
 
It will also connect to a ShoutCast server at yp.your-shout-server.com on port 8001 with the password "shout-hackme" This stream will be encoded to constant bit rate 128 kb/s mp3 with quality 0.8, and will be reachable at http://yp.your-shout-server.com:8000 to mp3 players.
 
[general]
duration        = 3600
bufferSecs      = 5
[input] device = /dev/dsp sampleRate = 22050 bitsPerSample = 16 channel = 2
[icecast-0] sampleRate = 22050 channel = 1 bitrateMode = abr bitrate = 96 lowpass = 10500 server = yp.your-ice-server.com port = 8000 password = ice-hackme mountPoint = live96 name = DarkIce trial description = This is only a trial url = http://www.yourserver.com genre = live public = yes remoteDumpFile = /tmp/live96.mp3
[shoutcast-0] bitrateMode = cbr bitrate = 128 quality = 0.8 server = yp.your-shout-server.com port = 8001 password = shout-hackme name = DarkIce trial url = http://www.yourserver.com genre = live public = yes irc = irc.yourserver.com aim = aim here icq = I see you too
 
 

BUGS

Lots of bugs.
 
 

SEE ALSO

darkice(1)
 
 

AUTHOR

Akos Maroy <darkeye@tyrell.hu>
 
 
Project homepage: http://code.google.com/p/darkice/
 
IceCast homepage: http://www.icecast.org/
 
ShoutCast homepage: http://www.shoutcast.com/
 
Lame homepage: http://www.mp3dev.org/mp3/
 
Ogg Vorbis homepage: http://www.xiph.org/ogg/vorbis/
 
Ogg Opus homepage: http://www.opus-codec.org/
February 25, 2007 DarkIce