irish - flag format for Irish Ispell
Irish dictionaries for Ispell
(1) supports 3 prefix and 14 suffix flags.
For a detailed description of how Ispell
handles flags and
capitalization, see Ispell
(4). This manual page only describes flags
usable in dictionaries built using the gaeilge.aff
The definitive meanings of the affixes is given in the file
but some of the reasoning and notes are
Irish has an unusual (unique?) capitalization rule, which needs special
handling. Prefixes for eclipsis are not capitalized., e.g. an tEarrach.
assumes that in an uncapitalized word, the first letter may
be capitalized, so Earrach
would be incorrectly prefixed and
capitalized as Tearrach.
The file irish-prefixes.pl
is a perl(1)
script to preprocess the
wordlist, and add 'by hand' the correct capitalization. It will turn
etc. It strips off the E
flags used for eclipsis and leaves
any other flags intact. The word should be Capitalized in the the word list;
if the uncapitalized version is left in the word list with the flag, it will
generate incorrect words, so enter the uncapitalized and capitalized versions
One 'ordinary' prefix is handled by Ispell
is used for
aspiration of nouns, etc. (Verbs are handled separately).
Twelve suffixes are used for handling regular verbs. We use three suffixes each
per conguation: one listing all suffixes available to both aspirated and
unaspirated forms, one listing aspirated forms only, and one for unaspirated
forms. So, for the verb mol
for example, we have in the words list
so the ' B
' set of endings apply to both forms, the 'C
' set to
unaspirated only, and ' D
' to aspirated only. This pattern is repeated
for all four conjugations.
Irregular verbs just appear in the list in toto.
Two other suffixes are currently defined, , ' O
' for Caolú
(attenuation), and ' Q
'for Leathnú (broadening).
The dictionary is very small, and pretty incomplete. Any help would be
appreciated. Please mail additions and corrections to
Ispell(1), Ispell(5), english(5)