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object-server.conf - configuration file for the OpenStack Swift object

object-server.conf(5) OpenStack Swift object-server.conf(5)

NAME

object-server.conf - configuration file for the OpenStack Swift object server
 
 
 

SYNOPSIS

object-server.conf
 
 
 

DESCRIPTION

This is the configuration file used by the object server and other object background services, such as; replicator, reconstructor, updater and auditor.
 
The configuration file follows the python-pastedeploy syntax. The file is divided into sections, which are enclosed by square brackets. Each section will contain a certain number of key/value parameters which are described later.
 
Any line that begins with a '#' symbol is ignored.
 
You can find more information about python-pastedeploy configuration format at http://pythonpaste.org/deploy/#config-format
 
 
 

GLOBAL SECTION

This is indicated by section named [DEFAULT]. Below are the parameters that are acceptable within this section.
 
bind_ip
IP address the object server should bind to. The default is 0.0.0.0 which will make it bind to all available addresses.
bind_port
TCP port the object server should bind to. The default is 6200.
bind_timeout
Timeout to bind socket. The default is 30.
backlog
TCP backlog. Maximum number of allowed pending connections. The default value is 4096.
workers
The number of pre-forked processes that will accept connections. Zero means no fork. The default is auto which will make the server try to match the number of effective cpu cores if python multiprocessing is available (included with most python distributions >= 2.6) or fallback to one. It's worth noting that individual workers will use many eventlet co-routines to service multiple concurrent requests.
max_clients
Maximum number of clients one worker can process simultaneously (it will actually accept(2) N + 1). Setting this to one (1) will only handle one request at a time, without accepting another request concurrently. The default is 1024.
user
The system user that the object server will run as. The default is swift.
swift_dir
Swift configuration directory. The default is /etc/swift.
devices
Parent directory of where devices are mounted. Default is /srv/node.
mount_check
Whether or not check if the devices are mounted to prevent accidentally writing to the root device. The default is set to true.
disable_fallocate
Disable pre-allocate disk space for a file. The default is false.
expiring_objects_container_divisor
The default is 86400.
expiring_objects_account_name
The default is 'expiring_objects'.
servers_per_port
Make object-server run this many worker processes per unique port of "local" ring devices across all storage policies. The default value of 0 disables this feature.
log_name
Label used when logging. The default is swift.
log_facility
Syslog log facility. The default is LOG_LOCAL0.
log_level
Logging level. The default is INFO.
log_address
Logging address. The default is /dev/log.
log_max_line_length
The following caps the length of log lines to the value given; no limit if set to 0, the default.
log_custom_handlers
Comma separated list of functions to call to setup custom log handlers. functions get passed: conf, name, log_to_console, log_route, fmt, logger, adapted_logger. The default is empty.
log_udp_host
If set, log_udp_host will override log_address.
log_udp_port
UDP log port, the default is 514.
log_statsd_host
StatsD server. IPv4/IPv6 addresses and hostnames are supported. If a hostname resolves to an IPv4 and IPv6 address, the IPv4 address will be used.
log_statsd_port
The default is 8125.
log_statsd_default_sample_rate
The default is 1.
log_statsd_sample_rate_factor
The default is 1.
log_statsd_metric_prefix
The default is empty.
eventlet_debug
Debug mode for eventlet library. The default is false.
fallocate_reserve
You can set fallocate_reserve to the number of bytes or percentage of disk space you'd like fallocate to reserve, whether there is space for the given file size or not. Percentage will be used if the value ends with a '%'. The default is 1%.
node_timeout
Request timeout to external services. The default is 3 seconds.
conn_timeout
Connection timeout to external services. The default is 0.5 seconds.
container_update_timeout
Time to wait while sending a container update on object update. The default is 1 second.
client_timeout
Time to wait while receiving each chunk of data from a client or another backend node. The default is 60.
network_chunk_size
The default is 65536.
disk_chunk_size
The default is 65536.
nice_priority
Modify scheduling priority of server processes. Niceness values range from -20 (most favorable to the process) to 19 (least favorable to the process). The default does not modify priority.
ionice_class
Modify I/O scheduling class of server processes. I/O niceness class values are IOPRIO_CLASS_RT (realtime), IOPRIO_CLASS_BE (best-effort) and IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE (idle). The default does not modify class and priority. Work only with ionice_priority.
ionice_priority
Modify I/O scheduling priority of server processes. I/O niceness priority is a number which goes from 0 to 7. The higher the value, the lower the I/O priority of the process. Work only with ionice_class. Ignored if IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE is set.
 
 
 

PIPELINE SECTION

This is indicated by section name [pipeline:main]. Below are the parameters that are acceptable within this section.
 
pipeline
It is used when you need to apply a number of filters. It is a list of filters ended by an application. The normal pipeline is "healthcheck recon object-server".
 
 
 

APP SECTION

This is indicated by section name [app:object-server]. Below are the parameters that are acceptable within this section.
use
Entry point for paste.deploy for the object server. This is the reference to the installed python egg. This is normally egg:swift#object.
set log_name
Label used when logging. The default is object-server.
set log_facility
Syslog log facility. The default is LOG_LOCAL0.
set log_level
Logging level. The default is INFO.
set log_requests
Enables request logging. The default is True.
set log_address
Logging address. The default is /dev/log.
max_upload_time
The default is 86400.
slow
The default is 0.
keep_cache_size
Objects smaller than this are not evicted from the buffercache once read. The default is 5242880.
keep_cache_private
If true, objects for authenticated GET requests may be kept in buffer cache if small enough. The default is false.
mb_per_sync
On PUTs, sync data every n MB. The default is 512.
allowed_headers
Comma separated list of headers that can be set in metadata on an object. This list is in addition to X-Object-Meta-* headers and cannot include Content-Type, etag, Content-Length, or deleted. The default is 'Content-Disposition, Content-Encoding, X-Delete-At, X-Object-Manifest, X-Static-Large-Object'.
auto_create_account_prefix
The default is '.'.
threads_per_disk
A value of 0 means "don't use thread pools". A reasonable starting point is 4. The default is 0.
replication_server
Configure parameter for creating specific server To handle all verbs, including replication verbs, do not specify "replication_server" (this is the default). To only handle replication, set to a True value (e.g. "True" or "1"). To handle only non-replication verbs, set to "False". Unless you have a separate replication network, you should not specify any value for "replication_server".
replication_concurrency
Set to restrict the number of concurrent incoming SSYNC requests Set to 0 for unlimited (the default is 4). Note that SSYNC requests are only used by the object reconstructor or the object replicator when configured to use ssync.
replication_one_per_device
Restricts incoming SSYNC requests to one per device, replication_currency above allowing. This can help control I/O to each device, but you may wish to set this to False to allow multiple SSYNC requests (up to the above replication_concurrency setting) per device. The default is true.
replication_lock_timeout
Number of seconds to wait for an existing replication device lock before giving up. The default is 15.
replication_failure_threshold
replication_failure_ratio
These two settings control when the SSYNC subrequest handler will abort an incoming SSYNC attempt. An abort will occur if there are at least threshold number of failures and the value of failures / successes exceeds the ratio. The defaults of 100 and 1.0 means that at least 100 failures have to occur and there have to be more failures than successes for an abort to occur.
splice
Use splice() for zero-copy object GETs. This requires Linux kernel version 3.0 or greater. If you set "splice = yes" but the kernel does not support it, error messages will appear in the object server logs at startup, but your object servers should continue to function. The default is false.
node_timeout
Request timeout to external services. The default is 3 seconds.
conn_timeout
Connection timeout to external services. The default is 0.5 seconds.
container_update_timeout
Time to wait while sending a container update on object update. The default is 1 second.
nice_priority
Modify scheduling priority of server processes. Niceness values range from -20 (most favorable to the process) to 19 (least favorable to the process). The default does not modify priority.
ionice_class
Modify I/O scheduling class of server processes. I/O niceness class values are IOPRIO_CLASS_RT (realtime), IOPRIO_CLASS_BE (best-effort) and IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE (idle). The default does not modify class and priority. Work only with ionice_priority.
ionice_priority
Modify I/O scheduling priority of server processes. I/O niceness priority is a number which goes from 0 to 7. The higher the value, the lower the I/O priority of the process. Work only with ionice_class. Ignored if IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE is set.
 
 
 

FILTER SECTION

Any section that has its name prefixed by "filter:" indicates a filter section. Filters are used to specify configuration parameters for specific swift middlewares. Below are the filters available and respective acceptable parameters.
[filter:healthcheck]
use
Entry point for paste.deploy for the healthcheck middleware. This is the reference to the installed python egg. This is normally egg:swift#healthcheck.
disable_path
An optional filesystem path which, if present, will cause the healthcheck URL to return "503 Service Unavailable" with a body of "DISABLED BY FILE".
 
[filter:recon]
use
Entry point for paste.deploy for the recon middleware. This is the reference to the installed python egg. This is normally egg:swift#recon.
recon_cache_path
The recon_cache_path simply sets the directory where stats for a few items will be stored. Depending on the method of deployment you may need to create this directory manually and ensure that swift has read/write. The default is /var/cache/swift.
recon_lock_path
The default is /var/lock.
 
[filter:xprofile]
use
Entry point for paste.deploy for the xprofile middleware. This is the reference to the installed python egg. This is normally egg:swift#xprofile.
profile_module
This option enable you to switch profilers which should inherit from python standard profiler. Currently the supported value can be 'cProfile', 'eventlet.green.profile' etc.
log_filename_prefix
This prefix will be used to combine process ID and timestamp to name the profile data file. Make sure the executing user has permission to write into this path (missing path segments will be created, if necessary). If you enable profiling in more than one type of daemon, you must override it with an unique value like, the default is /var/log/swift/profile/account.profile.
dump_interval
The profile data will be dumped to local disk based on above naming rule in this interval. The default is 5.0.
dump_timestamp
Be careful, this option will enable profiler to dump data into the file with time stamp which means there will be lots of files piled up in the directory. The default is false
path
This is the path of the URL to access the mini web UI. The default is __profile__.
flush_at_shutdown
Clear the data when the wsgi server shutdown. The default is false.
unwind
Unwind the iterator of applications. Default is false.
 
 

ADDITIONAL SECTIONS

The following sections are used by other swift-object services, such as replicator, updater, auditor.
[object-replicator]
log_name
Label used when logging. The default is object-replicator.
log_facility
Syslog log facility. The default is LOG_LOCAL0.
log_level
Logging level. The default is INFO.
log_address
Logging address. The default is /dev/log.
daemonize
Whether or not to run replication as a daemon. The default is yes.
run_pause [deprecated]
Time in seconds to wait between replication passes. The default is 30.
interval
Time in seconds to wait between replication passes. The default is 30.
concurrency
Number of replication workers to spawn. The default is 1.
stats_interval
Interval in seconds between logging replication statistics. The default is 300.
sync_method
The sync method to use; default is rsync but you can use ssync to try the EXPERIMENTAL all-swift-code-no-rsync-callouts method. Once ssync is verified as having performance comparable to, or better than, rsync, we plan to deprecate rsync so we can move on with more features for replication.
rsync_timeout
Max duration of a partition rsync. The default is 900 seconds.
rsync_io_timeout
Passed to rsync for I/O OP timeout. The default is 30 seconds.
rsync_compress
Allow rsync to compress data which is transmitted to destination node during sync. However, this is applicable only when destination node is in a different region than the local one. NOTE: Objects that are already compressed (for example: .tar.gz, .mp3) might slow down the syncing process. The default is false.
rsync_module
Format of the rysnc module where the replicator will send data. See etc/rsyncd.conf-sample for some usage examples. The default is empty.
node_timeout
Request timeout to external services. The default is 10 seconds.
rsync_bwlimit
Passed to rsync for bandwidth limit in kB/s. The default is 0 (unlimited).
http_timeout
Max duration of an HTTP request. The default is 60 seconds.
lockup_timeout
Attempts to kill all workers if nothing replicates for lockup_timeout seconds. The default is 1800 seconds.
ring_check_interval
The default is 15.
rsync_error_log_line_length
Limits how long rsync error log lines are. 0 (default) means to log the entire line.
reclaim_age
Time elapsed in seconds before an object can be reclaimed. The default is 604800 seconds.
recon_cache_path
The recon_cache_path simply sets the directory where stats for a few items will be stored. Depending on the method of deployment you may need to create this directory manually and ensure that swift has read/write.The default is /var/cache/swift.
handoffs_first
The flag to replicate handoffs prior to canonical partitions. It allows one to force syncing and deleting handoffs quickly. If set to a True value(e.g. "True" or "1"), partitions that are not supposed to be on the node will be replicated first. The default is false.
handoff_delete
The number of replicas which are ensured in swift. If the number less than the number of replicas is set, object-replicator could delete local handoffs even if all replicas are not ensured in the cluster. Object-replicator would remove local handoff partition directories after syncing partition when the number of successful responses is greater than or equal to this number. By default(auto), handoff partitions will be removed when it has successfully replicated to all the canonical nodes.
 
The handoffs_first and handoff_delete are options for a special case such as disk full in the cluster. These two options SHOULD NOT BE CHANGED, except for such an extreme situations. (e.g. disks filled up or are about to fill up. Anyway, DO NOT let your drives fill up).
nice_priority
Modify scheduling priority of server processes. Niceness values range from -20 (most favorable to the process) to 19 (least favorable to the process). The default does not modify priority.
ionice_class
Modify I/O scheduling class of server processes. I/O niceness class values are IOPRIO_CLASS_RT (realtime), IOPRIO_CLASS_BE (best-effort) and IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE (idle). The default does not modify class and priority. Work only with ionice_priority.
ionice_priority
Modify I/O scheduling priority of server processes. I/O niceness priority is a number which goes from 0 to 7. The higher the value, the lower the I/O priority of the process. Work only with ionice_class. Ignored if IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE is set.
 
 
[object-reconstructor]
log_name
Label used when logging. The default is object-reconstructor.
log_facility
Syslog log facility. The default is LOG_LOCAL0.
log_level
Logging level. The default is INFO.
log_address
Logging address. The default is /dev/log.
daemonize
Whether or not to run replication as a daemon. The default is yes.
run_pause [deprecated]
Time in seconds to wait between replication passes. The default is 30.
interval
Time in seconds to wait between replication passes. The default is 30.
concurrency
Number of replication workers to spawn. The default is 1.
stats_interval
Interval in seconds between logging replication statistics. The default is 300.
node_timeout
Request timeout to external services. The default is 10 seconds.
http_timeout
Max duration of an HTTP request. The default is 60 seconds.
lockup_timeout
Attempts to kill all workers if nothing replicates for lockup_timeout seconds. The default is 1800 seconds.
ring_check_interval
The default is 15.
reclaim_age
Time elapsed in seconds before an object can be reclaimed. The default is 604800 seconds.
recon_cache_path
The recon_cache_path simply sets the directory where stats for a few items will be stored. Depending on the method of deployment you may need to create this directory manually and ensure that swift has read/write.The default is /var/cache/swift.
handoffs_first
The flag to replicate handoffs prior to canonical partitions. It allows one to force syncing and deleting handoffs quickly. If set to a True value(e.g. "True" or "1"), partitions that are not supposed to be on the node will be replicated first. The default is false.
 
 
[object-updater]
log_name
Label used when logging. The default is object-updater.
log_facility
Syslog log facility. The default is LOG_LOCAL0.
log_level
Logging level. The default is INFO.
log_address
Logging address. The default is /dev/log.
interval
Minimum time for a pass to take. The default is 300 seconds.
concurrency
Number of reaper workers to spawn. The default is 1.
node_timeout
Request timeout to external services. The default is 10 seconds.
slowdown
Slowdown will sleep that amount between objects. The default is 0.01 seconds.
recon_cache_path
The recon_cache_path simply sets the directory where stats for a few items will be stored. Depending on the method of deployment you may need to create this directory manually and ensure that swift has read/write. The default is /var/cache/swift.
nice_priority
Modify scheduling priority of server processes. Niceness values range from -20 (most favorable to the process) to 19 (least favorable to the process). The default does not modify priority.
ionice_class
Modify I/O scheduling class of server processes. I/O niceness class values are IOPRIO_CLASS_RT (realtime), IOPRIO_CLASS_BE (best-effort) and IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE (idle). The default does not modify class and priority. Work only with ionice_priority.
ionice_priority
Modify I/O scheduling priority of server processes. I/O niceness priority is a number which goes from 0 to 7. The higher the value, the lower the I/O priority of the process. Work only with ionice_class. Ignored if IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE is set.
 
 
[object-auditor]
log_name
Label used when logging. The default is object-auditor.
log_facility
Syslog log facility. The default is LOG_LOCAL0.
log_level
Logging level. The default is INFO.
log_address
Logging address. The default is /dev/log.
 
disk_chunk_size
The default is 65536.
files_per_second
Maximum files audited per second. Should be tuned according to individual system specs. 0 is unlimited. The default is 20.
bytes_per_second
Maximum bytes audited per second. Should be tuned according to individual system specs. 0 is unlimited. The default is 10000000.
concurrency
Number of reaper workers to spawn. The default is 1.
log_time
The default is 3600 seconds.
zero_byte_files_per_second
The default is 50.
recon_cache_path
The recon_cache_path simply sets the directory where stats for a few items will be stored. Depending on the method of deployment you may need to create this directory manually and ensure that swift has read/write. The default is /var/cache/swift.
object_size_stats
Takes a comma separated list of ints. If set, the object auditor will increment a counter for every object whose size is <= to the given break points and report the result after a full scan.
rsync_tempfile_timeout
Time elapsed in seconds before rsync tempfiles will be unlinked. Config value of "auto" will try to use object-replicator's rsync_timeout + 900 or fall-back to 86400 (1 day).
nice_priority
Modify scheduling priority of server processes. Niceness values range from -20 (most favorable to the process) to 19 (least favorable to the process). The default does not modify priority.
ionice_class
Modify I/O scheduling class of server processes. I/O niceness class values are IOPRIO_CLASS_RT (realtime), IOPRIO_CLASS_BE (best-effort) and IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE (idle). The default does not modify class and priority. Work only with ionice_priority.
ionice_priority
Modify I/O scheduling priority of server processes. I/O niceness priority is a number which goes from 0 to 7. The higher the value, the lower the I/O priority of the process. Work only with ionice_class. Ignored if IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE is set.
 
 
 
 

DOCUMENTATION

More in depth documentation about the swift-object-server and also OpenStack Swift as a whole can be found at http://swift.openstack.org/admin_guide.html and http://swift.openstack.org
 
 

SEE ALSO

swift-object-server(1),
8/26/2011 Linux