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cupt_functionselectors - syntax of functional selectors in cupt package manager

Functional selectors in Cupt(7) Miscellaneous Information Manual Functional selectors in Cupt(7)

NAME

cupt_functionselectors - syntax of functional selectors in cupt package manager
 

AIM

Functional selectors are used for fine-grained selection of versions. While standard mechanisms provide a way to select versions by package name, version string and/or distribution, functional selectors embed a microlanguage to select versions by their various properties.
 

SYNTAX

Functional selector expression (FSE) consists of function name and list of arguments:
 
' function_name(argument1, argument2, ... argumentN)'
 
Every argument can be a FSE itself or a string. Arguments are separated by the comma (,). Additional whitespace characters (space, tab, newline) are allowed (and ignored by parser) anywhere except between the function name and the opening bracket.
 
If the argument is a string and contains commas or round brackets, the argument should be quoted by placing the / character around it ('/ argument/').
 
If the function receives no arguments, arguments bracked may be omitted: ' function_name' is an equivalent to ' function_name()'.
 
The expression ' argument1 & argument2 & ... & argumentN' is a special short form for 'and( argument1, argument2, ... argumentN)'. Similarly, the expression 'argument1 | argument2 | ... | argumentN' is a special short form for 'or( argument1, argument2, ... argumentN)'
 

FUNCTION REFERENCE

Logic functions

Receive FSEs as arguments.
 
Function name and arguments Argument count Returns versions which...
and(fse1, fse2, ... fseN) ≥ 1 satisfy all of the fse1..fseN
or(fse1, fse2, ... fseN) ≥ 1 satisfy any of the fse1..fseN
not(fse) 1 don't satisfy fse
xor(fse1, fse2) 2 satisfy either fse1 or fse2 but not both
 

Package property functions

Function name and arguments Short alias Returns versions which... Notes
package:name(regex) Pn package name matches regex
package:installed() Pi belong to to installed packages applies only to binary versions
package:automatically-installed() Pai belong to automatically installed packages applies only to binary versions
 

Common version property functions

Apply to source and binary versions.
 
Function name and arguments Short alias Returns versions which...
version(regex) v version string matches regex
maintainer(regex) m maintainer matches regex
priority(regex) p priority matches regex
section(regex) s section matches regex
trusted() t come from at least one release with a valid cryptographic signature
field(field_name, regex) f value¹ of the non-standard (not recognized by Cupt) field field_name matches regex
 
¹If the version does not contain a field field_name, its value is assumed being empty string; and it can still match if regular expression matches empty string.
 
Functions from this family receive one string argument ( regex) and return versions which come from at least one release where property (see the following table) matches the regular expression regex.
 
Function name Short alias Property
release:archive Ra archive
release:codename Rn codename
release:component Rc component
release:version Rv version
release:vendor Ro vendor
release:origin Ru origin (base URI)
 

Binary version property functions

Apply only to binary versions.
 
Function name and arguments Short alias Returns versions which...
source-package(regex) sp source package matches regex
source-version(regex) sv source version string matches regex
essential() e have 'Essential' flag set
installed() i are installed in the system
description(regex) d description matches regex
provides(regex) o provides at least one virtual package which matches regex
 

Source version property functions

Apply only to source versions.
 
Function name and arguments Short alias Returns versions which...
uploaders(regex) u have at least one uploader which matches regex
 

Binary relation functions

Apply only to binary versions.
 

forward dependencies

Functions from this family receive one FSE-argument ( fse) and return all versions which satisfy the dependency of type relation type for fse (see the following table).
 
Function name Short alias Relation type
pre-depends Ypd Pre-Depends
depends Yd Depends
recommends Yr Recommends
suggests Ys Suggests
enhances Ye Enhances
conflicts Yc Conflicts
breaks Yb Breaks
replaces Yrp Replaces
 

reverse dependencies

Functions from this family receive one FSE-argument ( fse) and return all versions for which at least one version from fse satisfies the dependency of type relation type (see the following table).
 
Function name Short alias Relation type
reverse-pre-depends YRpd Pre-Depends
reverse-depends YRd Depends
reverse-recommends YRr Recommends
reverse-suggests YRs Suggests
reverse-enhances YRe Enhances
reverse-conflicts YRc Conflicts
reverse-breaks YRb Breaks
reverse-replaces YRrp Replaces
 

Source relation functions

forward dependencies

Apply only to source versions and return binary versions.
 
Functions from this family receive one FSE-argument ( fse) and return all versions which satisfy the build-time dependency of type relation type for fse (see the following table).
 
Function name Short alias Relation type
build-depends Zbd Build-Depends
build-depends-indep Zbdi Build-Depends-Indep
build-conflicts Zbc Build-Conflicts
build-conflicts-indep Zbci Build-Conflicts-Indep
 

reverse dependencies

Apply only to binary versions and return source versions.
 
Functions from this family receive one FSE-argument ( fse) and return all versions for which at least one version from fse satisfies the build-dependency of type relation type (see the following table).
 
Function name Short alias Relation type
reverse-build-depends ZRbd Build-Depends
reverse-build-depends-indep ZRbdi Build-Depends-Indep
reverse-build-conflicts ZRbc Build-Conflicts
reverse-build-conflicts-indep ZRbci Build-Conflicts-Indep
 

Metafunctions

defining functions

The function with defines a user function with no parameters which can be used as FSE-argument in the subexpression.
 
Syntax:
 
with( function_name, function_expression, subexpression)
 
Argument Meaning
function_name user-defined function name, must start with an underscore (_)
function_expression FSE, function value
subexpression FSE which the defined function can be used in
 
This function returns the value of subexpression.
 

recursing

The function recursive defines a recursive transformation FSE.
 
Syntax:
 
recursive( subresult_function_name, initial_subresult, iterating_expression)
 
Argument Meaning
subresult_function_name user-defined function name, must start with an underscore (_)
initial_subresult FSE, initial value of subresult_function_name
subexpression FSE to compute on each recurse iteration, which subresult_function_name to be used in
 
The function works as follows:
 
1.
subresult_function_name defined as initial_subresult
2.
the value of iterating_expression is computed
3.
if this value is equal to subresult_function_name() its returned as function result
4.
subresult_function_name redefined as or(subresult_function_name, iterating_expression)
5.
go to step 2
 

mapping

The function fmap applies many functions to the same expression and combines their results.
 
The expression
 
fmap( fse, function_name_1, ..., function_name_N)
 
is equivalent to
 
or( function_name_1(fse), ..., function_name_N(fse))
 

Miscellaneous

Function name and arguments Value
best(fse) filters out those versions from fse for which there are another version of the same package and higher pin
binary-to-source(binary_fse) converts binary versions, selected by binary_fse, to their corresponding source versions
source-to-binary(source_fse) converts source versions, selected by source_fse, to lists of their corresponding binary versions
 
20170910 Eugene V. Lyubimkin