Man pages sections > man8 > aprx-stat

aprx-stat - statistics utility for aprx(8)

aprx-stat(8) System Manager's Manual aprx-stat(8)

NAME

aprx-stat - statistics utility for aprx(8)

SYNOPSIS

aprx-stat [-t] [-f/var/run/aprx.state] {-S|-x|-X}

DESCRIPTION

aprx-stat is a statistics utility for aprx(8) program.
 

OPTIONS

The aprx-stat has following runtime options:
-f /var/run/aprx.state
Turn on verbose debugging, outputs data to STDOUT.
-S
SNMP data mode, current counter and gauge values.
-t
Use UNIX time_t for timestamps, instead of human readable text format.
-x
Lattest of extended historical gauge values. This gives for each input interface
SNMP data
last 90 of 1 minute values,
10 of 10 minute values,
3 of 60 minute values.
-X
Full extended historical gauge values. This gives all the contents of historical value data ring-buffers.
SNMP data
1 minute resolution: 24 hours
10 minute resolution: 7 days
60 minute resolution: 3 months
 

SNMP DATA OUTPUT

For each interface feeding AX.25 packets and/or KISS frames to this program, there are following kind of
SNMP  /dev/ttyUSB1   798282 11088   0  0     3
SNMP  ax0   798282 11088   0  0     7
SNMP  ax1   798282 11088   0  0     94
where columns are:
"SNMP" - keyword
Interface (AX.25 IF name, or serial port device name)
Received byte counter
Received frame (packet) counter
Dropped byte counter
Dropped frame counter
Age in seconds of last update of this statistics.
 

EXTENDED DATA OUTPUT

Extended data output gives formatted historical periodic accumulates of interface traffic counters, and Erlang value estimates based on that.
SNMP /dev/ttyUSB1 816675 11332 0 0 15
1min data 2007-12-24 14:10 /dev/ttyUSB1 1m 374 6 0 0 0.047 0.000 2007-12-24 14:09 /dev/ttyUSB1 1m 377 5 0 0 0.047 0.000 2007-12-24 14:08 /dev/ttyUSB1 1m 347 5 0 0 0.043 0.000 2007-12-24 14:07 /dev/ttyUSB1 1m 140 2 0 0 0.018 0.000 •••
10min data 2007-12-24 14:10 /dev/ttyUSB1 10m 3829 55 0 0 0.048 0.000 2007-12-24 14:00 /dev/ttyUSB1 10m 2182 28 0 0 0.027 0.000 2007-12-24 13:50 /dev/ttyUSB1 10m 3205 44 0 0 0.040 0.000 2007-12-24 13:40 /dev/ttyUSB1 10m 3811 50 0 0 0.048 0.000 •••
60min data 2007-12-24 14:00 /dev/ttyUSB1 60m 22510 295 0 0 0.047 0.000 2007-12-24 13:00 /dev/ttyUSB1 60m 24886 347 0 0 0.052 0.000 •••
The output repeats for all interfaces.
The SNMP dataset is given in the beginning, and described above. Then each extended output line has following fields:
Timestamp is two fields, date and time (in minute resolution) is in UTC.
Alternate timestamp format is UNIX time_t as an integer, counting seconds from epoch, and as single field.
Interface name is same as in SNMP case.
Data qualifier tells what integration period the data is valid for: 1m, 10m, 60m.
Counter of received bytes on interface (including KISS flags etc.)
Counter of received frames.
Counter of dropped bytes.
Counter of dropped frames.
Reception Erlang value estimate.
Dropped bytes Erlang value estimate.

TODO

BUGS

SEE ALSO

aprx(8)
 

CONFIGURATION FILE

There is no configuration file.
 

NOTES: ERLANG

The Erlang is telecom measurement of channel occupancy, and in this application sense it does tell how much traffic there is on the radio channel.
Most radio transmitters are not aware of all transmitters on channel, and thus there can happen a collision causing loss of both messages. The higher the channel activity, the more likely that collision is. For further details, refer to statistical mathematics books, or perhaps on Wikipedia.
In order to measure channel activity, the aprx program suite has these built-in statistics counter and summary estimators.
The Erlag value that the estimators present are likely somewhat underestimating the true channel occupancy simply because it calculates estimate of channel bit transmit rate, and thus a per-minute character capacity. It does not know true frequency of bit-stuffing events of the HDLC framing, nor each transmitter pre- and port frame PTT times. The transmitters need to stabilize their transmit oscillators in many cases, which may take up to around 500 ms! The counters are not aware of this preamble-, nor postamble-times.
The HDLC bit stuffing ratio is guessed to be 8.2 bits for each 8 bits of payload.
 
 

NOTES: SUID ROOT

This program needs probably to be run as suid-root ! It is considered safe to do so, as this checks that the -f parameter file is of correct "magic value", and will not try to create it if it does not exist, nor modify that file under any circumstances, nor reveal content of "wrong magic kind" of file.
 

AUTHOR

This little piece was written by Matti Aarnio, OH2MQK during a dark and rainy fall and winter of 2007-2008 after a number of discussions grumbling about current breed of available software for APRS iGate use in Linux (or of any UNIX) platforms. Fall and winter 2009-2010 saw appearance of digipeater functionality.
Principal contributors and test users include: Pentti Gronlund, OH3BK, Reijo Hakala, OH1GWK. Debian packaging by Kimmo Jukarinen, OH3GNU.
2.9.0 - 2017 January 24 Debian Sid