atmel_fwl - Load firmware into Atmel at76c50x wireless networking chips.
atmel_fwl <interface> /path/to/firmware
loads firmware images for Atmel at76c50x series wireless
networking chips into the Linux driver for same.
Note that this utility is not normally necessary, since the driver will
automatically load the correct firmware image via the hotplug system.
Atmel_fwl is provided for applications where use of the hotplug system may not
atmel_fwl should be run after the interface has been created (after card
insertion, in the case of PCMCIA cards) but before it is brought up by running
Note that there are two versions of many of the firmware images, the second one
with the suffix "-wpa". These are later releases from Atmel which
support WPA privacy. They are only usable by versions of the driver greater
than 0.9. Be sure not to use the "-wpa" one unless your in-kernel
driver code is version 0.9 or better. Sadly, as of version 0.9, the in-kernel
driver does not actually support the setting of WPA passphrases.
The firmware images are usually installed in /usr/lib/hotplug/firmware.
The status of the driver, including its firmware loading, is available in
This manual page was written by Simon Kelley <email@example.com>.