Man pages sections > man8 > chef-solo

chef-solo - The man page for the chef-solo command line tool.

CHEF-SOLO(8) chef-solo CHEF-SOLO(8)

NAME

chef-solo - The man page for the chef-solo command line tool.
 
chef-solo is an open source version of the chef-client that allows using cookbooks with nodes without requiring access to a Chef server. chef-solo runs locally and requires that a cookbook (and any of its dependencies) be on the same physical disk as the node. chef-solo is a limited-functionality version of the chef-client and does not support the following:
Node data storage
Search indexes
Centralized distribution of cookbooks
A centralized API that interacts with and integrates infrastructure components
Authentication or authorization
Persistent attributes

 
NOTE:
chef-solo can be run as a daemon.


 
The chef-solo executable is run as a command-line tool.
 
Options
 
This command has the following syntax:
 
chef-solo OPTION VALUE OPTION VALUE ...


 
This command has the following options:
-c CONFIG, --config CONFIG
The configuration file to use.
-d, --daemonize
Use to run the executable as a daemon. This option may not be used in the same command with the --[no-]fork option.
 
This option is only available on machines that run in UNIX or Linux environments. For machines that are running Microsoft Windows that require similar functionality, use the chef-client::service recipe in the chef-client cookbook: http://community.opscode.com/cookbooks/chef-client. This will install a chef-client service under Microsoft Windows using the Windows Service Wrapper.
-E ENVIRONMENT_NAME, --environment ENVIRONMENT_NAME
The name of the environment.
-f, --[no-]fork
Use to contain the chef-client run in a secondary process with dedicated RAM. When the chef-client run is complete the RAM will be returned to the master process. This option helps ensure that a chef-client will use a steady amount of RAM over time because the master process will not run recipes. This option will also help prevent memory leaks (such as those that can be introduced by the code contained within a poorly designed cookbook). Use --no-fork to disable running the chef-client in fork node. Default value: --fork. This option may not be used in the same command with the --daemonize and --interval options.
-F FORMAT, --format FORMAT
The output format: doc (default) or min.
 
Use doc to print the progress of the chef-client run using full strings that display a summary of updates as they occur.
 
Use min to print the progress of the chef-client run using single characters. A summary of updates is printed at the end of the chef-client run. A dot ( .) is printed for events that do not have meaningful status information, such as loading a file or synchronizing a cookbook. For resources, a dot ( .) is printed when the resource is up to date, an S is printed when the resource is skipped by not_if or only_if, and a U is printed when the resource is updated.
 
Other formatting options are available when those formatters are configured in the client.rb file using the add_formatter option.
--force-formatter
Use to show formatter output instead of logger output.
--force-logger
Use to show logger output instead of formatter output.
-g GROUP, --group GROUP
The name of the group that owns a process. This is required when starting any executable as a daemon.
-h, --help
Shows help for the command.
-i SECONDS, --interval SECONDS
The frequency (in seconds) at which the chef-client runs. When the chef-client is run at intervals, --splay and --interval values are applied before the chef-client run. This option may not be used in the same command with the --[no-]fork option.
-j PATH, --json-attributes PATH
The path to a file that contains JSON data.
 
Use this option to define a run_list object. For example, a JSON file similar to:
 
"run_list": [
  "recipe[base]",
  "recipe[foo]",
  "recipe[bar]",
  "role[webserver]"
],


 
may be used by running chef-client -j path/to/file.json.
 
In certain situations this option may be used to update normal attributes.
 
WARNING:
Any other attribute type that is contained in this JSON file will be treated as a normal attribute. For example, attempting to update override attributes using the -j option:
 
{
  "name": "dev-99",
  "description": "Install some stuff",
  "override_attributes": {
    "apptastic": {
      "enable_apptastic": "false",
      "apptastic_tier_name": "dev-99.bomb.com"
    }
  }
}


 
will result in a node object similar to:
 
{
  "name": "maybe-dev-99",
  "normal": {
  "name": "dev-99",
    "description": "Install some stuff",
    "override_attributes": {
      "apptastic": {
        "enable_apptastic": "false",
        "apptastic_tier_name": "dev-99.bomb.com"
      }
    }
  }
}




-l LEVEL, --log_level LEVEL
The level of logging that will be stored in a log file.
-L LOGLOCATION, --logfile c
The location in which log file output files will be saved. If this location is set to something other than STDOUT, standard output logging will still be performed (otherwise there would be no output other than to a file). This is recommended when starting any executable as a daemon.
--[no-]color
Use to view colored output. Default setting: --color.
-N NODE_NAME, --node-name NODE_NAME
The name of the node.
-o RUN_LIST_ITEM, --override-runlist RUN_LIST_ITEM
Replace the current run list with the specified items.
-r RECIPE_URL, --recipe-url RECIPE_URL
The URL location from which a remote cookbook tar.gz will be downloaded.
--run-lock-timeout SECONDS
The amount of time (in seconds) to wait for a chef-client run to finish. Default value: not set (indefinite). Set to 0 to cause a second chef-client to exit immediately.
-s SECONDS, --splay SECONDS
A number (in seconds) to add to the interval that is used to determine the frequency of chef-client runs. This number can help prevent server load when there are many clients running at the same time. When the chef-client is run at intervals, --splay and --interval values are applied before the chef-client run.
-u USER, --user USER
The user that owns a process. This is required when starting any executable as a daemon.
-v, --version
The version of the chef-client.
-W, --why-run
Use to run the executable in why-run mode, which is a type of chef-client run that does everything except modify the system. Use why-run mode to understand why the chef-client makes the decisions that it makes and to learn more about the current and proposed state of the system.

 
Examples
 
$ chef-solo -c ~/solo.rb -j ~/node.json -r http://www.example.com/chef-solo.tar.gz


 
The tar.gz archived into the file_cache_path, and then extracted to cookbooks_path.
 
$ chef-solo -c ~/solo.rb -j ~/node.json


 
chef-solo will look in the solo.rb file to determine the directory in which cookbooks are located.
 
$ chef-solo -c ~/solo.rb -j http://www.example.com/node.json -r http://www.example.com/chef-solo.tar.gz


AUTHOR

Chef
Chef 12.0