fprobe - a NetFlow probe
] remote:port[/[local][/type]] ...
- libpcap-based tool that collect network traffic data and emit it
as NetFlow flows towards the specified collector.
- Display short help
- Don't put the interface into promiscuous mode. Note
that even if this option is used, the interface might be in promiscuous
mode for some other reason.
- -i <interface>
- Listen on interface. If unspecified, fprobe
will use result of pcap_lookupdev() function. On Linux systems with 2.2 or
later kernels, an interface argument of `any' can be used to
capture packets from all interfaces. Note that captures on the `
any' device will not be done in promiscuous mode.
You may use ` -' as interface name to process files produced
by tcpdump with -w flag. fprobe will read data from
- -f <expression>
- Filter expression selects which packets will be
captured. If no expression is given, all packets on the net will be
captured. Otherwise, only packets for which expression is `true'
will be captured.
fprobe use silly IP-packet detection method, so it is bad idea to
leave the filter empty. For general use `ip' (-fip) is good filter
Read tcpdump manual for detailed expression syntax.
- -s <seconds>
- How often scan for expired flows. [default=5]
- -g <seconds>
- Fragmented flow lifetime. [default=30]
- -d <seconds>
- Idle flow lifetime (inactive timer). [default=60]
- -e <seconds>
- Active flow lifetime (active timer). [default=300]
- -n <version>
- NetFlow version for use (1, 5, 7). [default=5]
- -a <address>
- Use address as source for NetFlow flow.
- -x <inputID>[:<outputID>]
- Workaround for SNMP interfaces indexes. [default=0]
The second parameter may be omitted - in this case its value will be equal
to the first.
See BUGS section.
- -b <flows>
- Memory bulk size. [default=200 or 10000]
Note that maximum and default values depends on compiling options (
- -m <kilobytes>
- Memory limit for flows cache (0=no limit). [default=0]
- -q <flows>
- Pending queue length. [default=100]
Each captured packet at first puts into special buffer called `pending
queue'. Purpose of this buffer is to separate most time-critical packet
capture thread from other.
- -B <kilobytes>
- Kernel capture buffer size (0=don't change). [default=0]
Increase kernel capture buffer size is most adequate way to prevent packets
loss. Unfortunately, at present there is no straight way to set the buffer
size throught libpcap, so this option is a hack. Moreover, now this hack
take effect only on socket()-based capture mechanisms: it mean that it
work on Linux and don't work on BSD systems with their bpf().
Note that maximum allowed size of the buffer in Linux limited and generally
relatively small, so it should need to change the maximum: sysctl -w
- -r <priority>
- Real-time priority (0=disabled). [default=0]
If parameter greater then zero fprobe will use real-time scheduling
policy to prevent packets loss. Note that possible values for this option
depends on operating system.
- -t <B:N>
- Emitting rate limit (0:0=no limit). [default=0:0]
Produce N nanosecond delay after each B bytes sent. This
option may be useful with slow interfaces and slow collectors. Note that
the suspension time may be longer than requested because the argument
value is rounded up to an integer multiple of the sleep resolution (it
depends on operating system and hardware) or because of the scheduling of
other activity by the system.
See BUGS section.
- -S <bytes>
- Snaplen (0=whole packet). [default=256]
Number of bytes to capture from packet on wire.
- -K <bytes>
- Link layer header size. By default fprobe take this
information from libpcap, but sometimes obtained size unsuitable for our
purpose. It occurs, for example, on trunk interfaces in VLAN enviroment,
where link layer header contain additional VLAN header.
See EXAMPLES section.
- Don't exclude link layer header from packet size. By
default fprobe counts only IP-part of packet.
- -c <directory>
- Directory to chroot to.
- -u <user>
- User to run as.
- -v <level>
- Maximum displayed log level. (0=EMERG, 1=ALERT, 2=CRIT,
3=ERR, 4=WARNING, 5=NOTICE, 6=INFO, 7=DEBUG) [default=6]
- -l <[dst][:id]>
- Log destination (0=none, 1=syslog, 2=stdout, 3=both) and
log/pidfile identifier. [default=1]
This option allows to select opportune log destination and process
identifier. The identifier helps to distinguish pidfile and logs of one
fprobe process from other.
Note that if log destination contains ` stdout' (equal 2 or 3)
fprobe will run in foreground.
- Parameters remote and port are respectively
define address and port of the NetFlow collector.
The local parameter allows binding certain local IP address with
specified collector. If the parameter is omitted the value (if any) of
-a option will be used.
The type parameter determines emitting behavior. It may be `m' for
mirroring (by default) and `r' for collectors round-robin rotating.
You may specify multiple collectors.
Web traffic trivial capturing:
fprobe -ippp0 -f"tcp&&port 80" localhost:2055
Capturing from trunk interface:
fprobe -ieth0 -f"vlan&&ip" -K18 localhost:2055
Reasonable configuration to run under heavy load:
fprobe -fip -B4096 -r2 -q10000 -t10000:10000000 localhost:2055
Send packets to collector at 10.1.1.1:2055 and distribute them between
collectors at 10.1.1.2:2055 and at 10.1.1.3:2055 on a round-robin basis:
fprobe 10.1.1.1:2055 10.1.1.2:2055//r 10.1.1.3:2055//r
SNMP interfaces indexes and packet direction.
Unfortunately libpcap don't provide any routing-related information about
captured packet, therefore there are no straight ways to determine and
distinguish input and output interfaces. However -x
option at least can
tell that flow was passed through the certain interface. Also you may launch
several instances of the program with tricky set of filters to mark out each
possible packet direction:
fprobe -x1:2 -ieth1 -f"ip&&dst net 10.2" localhost:2055
fprobe -x2:1 -ieth2 -f"ip&&dst net 10.1" localhost:2055
Slow interfaces and slow collectors.
There are may be problems with slow interfaces and slow collectors. It effects
as emitted packets loss. On the one hand silent non-blocking sendto()
implementation can't guarantee that packet was really sent to collector - it
may be dropped by kernel due to outgoing buffer shortage (slow interface's
problem) and on the other hand packet may be dropped on collector's machine
due the similar reason - incoming buffer shortage (slow collector's problem).
option as workaround for this issue.