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hyptop - Show hypervisor performance data on System z

HYPTOP(8) System Manager's Manual HYPTOP(8)

NAME

hyptop - Show hypervisor performance data on System z
 

SYNOPSIS

hyptop [OPTIONS]
 

DESCRIPTION

hyptop provides a dynamic real-time view of a hypervisor environment on System z. It works with either the z/VM or the LPAR hypervisor. Depending on the available data it shows for example CPU and memory information about running LPARs or z/VM guests.
 
hyptop provides two windows:
-
sys_list: Shows a list of systems that the hypervisor is currently running
-
sys: Shows one system in more detail.
System names in hyptop are either LPAR names as shown on the SE or HMC, or z/VM guest IDs that identify z/VM guest virtual machines.
You can run hyptop in interactive mode (default) or in batch mode with the "-b" option. For how to use the interactive mode, see the online help (enter "?" after hyptop is started).
 

OPTIONS

-h or --help
Print usage information, then exit.
 
-v or --version
Print version information, then exit.
 
-w <WINDOW NAME> or --window=<WINDOW NAME>
Select current window. Use the options "--sys", "--fields", and "--sort" to modify the current window. The last window specified with the "--window" option will be used as start window. The default window is "sys_list".
-s <SYSTEM>,... or --sys=<SYSTEM>,...
Select systems for current window. If this option is specified, only the selected systems are shown for the window. For window "sys" only one system can be specified.
-f <F_LETTER>[:<UNIT>],... or --fields=<F_LETTER>[:<UNIT>],...
Select fields and units in the current window. "F_LETTER" is the field letter that identifies uniquely a field (for example "c" for CPU time). "UNIT" is the used entity for displaying data for the field (for example "us" for microseconds). See FIELDS and UNITS below for definitions. If the "--fields" option is specified, only the selected fields are shown.
-S <F_LETTER> or --sort=<F_LETTER>
Select sort field for current window. To reverse the sort order, specify the option twice. See FIELDS below for definitions.
-t <TYPE>,... or --cpu_types=<TYPE>,...
Select CPU types that are used for CPU time calculations. See CPU TYPES below for definitions.
-b or --batch_mode
Use batch mode (no curses). This can be useful for sending output from hyptop to another program, a file, or a line mode terminal. In this mode no user input is accepted.
-d <SECONDS> or --delay=<SECONDS>
Specifies the delay between screen updates.
-n <ITERATIONS> or --iterations=<ITERATIONS>
Specifies the maximum number of iterations before ending.
 

PREREQUISITES

The following things are required to run hyptop:
 
-
The Linux kernel must have the required support to provide the performance data.
-
debugfs has to be mounted.
-
The hyptop user must have read permission for the required debugfs files.
-
You can always monitor the guest operating system where hyptop is running.
 
To monitor any other operating system instances running on the same hypervisor as hyptop, you will need additional permissions.
 
For z/VM, the guest virtual machine must have privilege class B. For LPAR, on the HMC or SE security menu of the LPAR activation profile, select the Global performance data control checkbox.
 
To mount debugfs, you can use this command:
 
# mount none -t debugfs /sys/kernel/debug
 
To make this persistent, add the following to "/etc/fstab":
 
none /sys/kernel/debug debugfs defaults 0 0
 
 

FIELDS

The supported fields depend on the available data on the hypervisor. This is different between LPAR and z/VM. It might also depend on machine type, z/VM version and kernel version. Each field has a unique field letter that can be used to select the field in interactive mode or through the "--fields" command line option.
 
The following fields are available under LPAR:
 

In "sys_list" and "sys" window:
'c' - Core dispatch time per second
'e' - Thread time per second
'm' - Management time per second
'C' - Total core dispatch time
'E' - Total thread time
'M' - Total management time
'o' - Online time
 

In "sys_list" window:
'#' - Number of cores (sum of initial and reserved)
'T' - Number of threads (sum of initial and reserved)
 

In "sys" window:
'p' - CPU type
'v' - Visualization of core dispatch time per second
 
The following fields are available under z/VM:
 

In "sys_list" and "sys" window:
'c' - CPU time per second
'm' - Management time per second (*)
'C' - Total CPU time
'M' - Total management time (*)
'o' - Online time
 

In "sys_list" window:
'#' - Number of CPUs
'O' - Number of operating CPUs
'u' - Used memory
'a' - Maximum memory
'r' - Current weight
'x' - Maximum weight
 

In "sys" window:
'v' - Visualization of CPU time per second
 

(*) Only available for the local guest virtual machine
Only available if the system has the required support
 

UNITS

Depending on the field type the values can be displayed in different units. The following units are supported:
 

Time:
'us' - Microseconds (10^-6 seconds)
'ms' - Millisconds (10^-3 seconds)
'%' - Hundreds of a second (10^-2 seconds) or percent
's' - Seconds
'm' - Minutes
'hm' - Hours & Minutes
'dhm' - Days & Hours & Minutes
 

Memory:
'kib' - Kibibytes (1.024 bytes)
'mib' - Mebibytes (1.048.576 bytes)
'gib' - Gibibytes (1.073.741.824 bytes)
 

Miscellaneous:
'str' - String
'#' - Count/Number
'vis' - Visualization
 

CPU TYPES

Depending on the hypervisor different CPU types are supported. These CPU types can be selected either interactively or with the "--cpu_types" command line option. The calculation of the CPU data only uses CPUs of the specified types.
 
On LPAR the following CPU types are supported:
'IFL' - Integrated Facility for Linux
'CP' - CP processor type
'UN' - Unspecified processor type (other than CP or IFL)
 
NOTE: It is possible that on older machines also IFLs are shown as CPs. On z/VM currently only the processor type 'UN' is available.
 

CPU DATA

For Linux on z/VM, no performance data is available for individual CPUs on remote guests. Therefore, the hyptop "sys" window shows identical values for each of the operating CPUs. For the CPU time fields, these values represent the total across all operating CPUs divided by the number of operating CPUs. For the online time field, the value is the time during which at least one CPU has been operational. Operating CPUs are shown with CPU identifier "0" and stopped CPUs with "1".
 

EXAMPLES

To start hyptop with the "sys_list" window in interactive mode, enter:
 
 

# hyptop
 
 
To start hyptop with the "sys_list" window in batch mode, enter:
 
 

# hyptop -b
 
 
To start hyptop with the "sys_list" window in interactive mode with the fields CPU time (in milliseconds) and online time (unit default) and sort the output according to online time, enter:
 
 

# hyptop -f c:ms,o -S o
 
 
To start hyptop with the "sys" window with system "MYLPAR" with the fields CPU time (unit milliseconds) and online time (unit default) and sort the output reverse according the online time, enter:
 
 

# hyptop -w sys -s MYLPAR -f c:ms,o -S o -S o
 
 
To start hyptop with the "sys_list" window in batch mode with update delay 5 seconds and 10 iterations, enter:
 
 

# hyptop -b -d 5 -n 10
 
 
To start hyptop with the "sys_list" window and use only CPU types IFL and CP for CPU time calculation, enter:
 
 

# hyptop -t ifl,cp
 

ENVIRONMENT

TERM
The TERM environment variable specifies your terminal type. To run hyptop in interactive mode the TERM environment variable has to be set. The interactive mode is not available for terminals that have TERM=dumb (e.g. line mode terminals).
Nov 2009 s390-tools