incrond - inotify cron (incron) daemon
[ -f file
] [ -n | -k ]
The inotify cron daemon ( incrond
) is a daemon which monitors filesystem
events and executes commands defined in system and user tables. It's use is
generally similar to cron
can be started from /etc/rc, /etc/rc.local and so on. It
daemonizes itself (returns immediately) and doesn't need to be started with
& and through nohup
(1). It can be run on foreground too.
uses two categories of tables incrontab
(5). System tables
are usually located in /etc/incron.d and are maintained outside of incron
(e.g. by various applications). These tables work on root rights level and
thus any file may be watched and commands are executed with root privileges.
User tables are located in /var/spool/incron by default and have names based on
user accounts. These tables use users' access rights, thus only files which
the user may access are watched. Commands are executed with users' privileges.
If a table (incrontab) is changed incrond
reacts immediately and reloads
the table. Currently running child processes (commands) are not affected.
There are two files determining whether an user is allowed to use incron. These
files have very simple syntax - one user name per line. If /etc/incron.allow
exists the user must be noted there to be allowed to use incron. Otherwise if
/etc/incron.deny exists the user must not be noted there to use incron. If
none of these files exists there is no other restriction whether anybody may
use incron. Location of these files can be changed in the configuration.
The daemon itself is currently not protected against looping. If a command
executed due to an event causes the same event it leads to an infinite loop
unless a flag mask containing IN_NO_LOOP is specified. Please beware of this
and do not allow permission for use incron to unreliable users.
) option causes running on foreground. This is
useful especially for testing, debugging and optimization.
) option terminates a running instance of
) option specifies
another location for the configuration file (/etc/incron.conf is used by
For system tables, the default (the same as for
incrond itself) environment variable set is used. The same applies to root's
table. For non-root user tables, the whole environment is cleared and then
only these variables are set: LOGNAME, USER, USERNAME, SHELL, HOME and PATH.
The variables (except PATH) take values from the user database (e.g.
/etc/passwd). The PATH variable is set to
incrontab(1), incrontab(5), incron.conf(5)
incrond is currently not resistent against looping. Recursive monitoring (whole
subtrees) has not been implemented yet.
Lukas Jelinek <firstname.lastname@example.org> (please report bugs to http://bts.aiken.cz
This program is free software. It can be used, redistributed and/or modified
under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2.