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killsnoop - trace kill() syscalls with process and signal details. Uses Linux

killsnoop(8) System Manager's Manual killsnoop(8)

NAME

killsnoop - trace kill() syscalls with process and signal details. Uses Linux ftrace.

SYNOPSIS

killsnoop [-hst] [-d secs] [-p pid] [-n name]

DESCRIPTION

This traces kill() syscalls, showing which process killed which pid and returns the returncode (0 for success, -1 for error).
 
This implementation is designed to work on older kernel versions, and without kernel debuginfo. It works by dynamic tracing of the return value of kill() and associating it with the previous kill() syscall return. This approach is kernel version specific, and may not work on your version. It is a workaround, and proof of concept for ftrace, until more kernel tracing functionality is available.
 
Since this uses ftrace, only the root user can use this tool.

REQUIREMENTS

FTRACE and KPROBE CONFIG, syscalls:sys_enter_kill and syscalls:sys_exit_kill kernel tracepoints (you may already have these on recent kernels) and awk.

OPTIONS

-d secs
Set the duration of tracing, in seconds. Trace output will be buffered and printed at the end. This also reduces overheads by buffering in-kernel, instead of printing events as they occur.
 
The ftrace buffer has a fixed size per-CPU (see /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/buffer_size_kb). If you think events are missing, try increasing that size.
-h
Print usage message.
-n name
Only show processes matching this process name. Partial strings and regular expressions are allowed. This is post-filtered using awk.
-p PID
Only trace this process ID. This is filtered in-kernel.
-s
Use human readable signal names, instead of signal numbers.
-t
Include timestamps, in seconds.

EXAMPLES

Trace all kill() syscalls with details:
# killsnoop
Trace kill() syscalls with readable signal names, and times:
# killsnoop -st
Track kill() syscalls for processes named "httpd":
# killsnoop -n httpd

FIELDS

TIMEs
Time of open() completion, in units of seconds.
COMM
Process name (if known) of the process that issued the signal.
PID
Process ID that issued the signal.
TPID
Target PID for the signal.
SIGNAL
Signal number sent to the target process, or name if -s is used.
RETURN
Return status: 0 for success, -1 for failure.

OVERHEAD

This reads and kill() syscalls as they occur. For high rates of kills (> 500/s), the overhead may begin to be measurable, however, the rate is unlikely to get this high. And if it is: you should investigate why. Test yourself. You can also use the -d mode to buffer output, reducing overheads.

SOURCE

This is from the perf-tools collection.
https://github.com/brendangregg/perf-tools
Also look under the examples directory for a text file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.

OS

Linux

STABILITY

Unstable - in development.

AUTHOR

Martin Probst

SEE ALSO

tpoint(8), execsnoop(8), opensnoop(8)
2014-09-15 USER COMMANDS