pidof -- find the process ID of a running program.
] [-o omitpid[,omitpid..]..
finds the process id's (pids) of the named programs. It prints
those id's on the standard output. This program is on some systems used in
run-level change scripts, especially when the system has a System-V
structure. In that case these scripts are located in
/etc/rc?.d, where ? is the runlevel. If the system has a
(8) program that should be used instead.
- Single shot - this instructs the program to only return one
- Only return process ids that are running with the same root
directory. This option is ignored for non-root users, as they will be
unable to check the current root directory of processes they do not
- Avoid stat(2) system function call on all binaries
which are located on network based file systems like NFS. Instead
of using this option the the variable PIDOF_NETFS may be set and
- Scripts too - this causes the program to also return
process id's of shells running the named scripts.
- -o omitpid
- Tells pidof to omit processes with that process id.
The special pid %PPID can be used to name the parent process of the
pidof program, in other words the calling shell or shell
- At least one program was found with the requested
- No program was found with the requested name.
is actually the same program as killall5
; the program
behaves according to the name under which it is called.
is invoked with a full pathname to the program it should find
the pid of, it is reasonably safe. Otherwise it is possible that it returns
pids of running programs that happen to have the same name as the program
you're after but are actually other programs. Note that that the executable
name of running processes is calculated with readlink
(2), so symbolic
links to executables will also match.
Miquel van Smoorenburg, email@example.com