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tcpretrans - show TCP retransmits, with address and other details. Uses Linux

tcpretrans(8) System Manager's Manual tcpretrans(8)

NAME

tcpretrans - show TCP retransmits, with address and other details. Uses Linux ftrace.

SYNOPSIS

tcpretrans [-hsp]

DESCRIPTION

This traces TCP retransmits that are sent by the system tcpretrans is executed from, showing address, port, and TCP state information, and sometimes the PID (although usually not, since retransmits are usually sent by the kernel on timeout events). To keep overhead low, only tcp_retransmit_skb() kernel calls are traced (this does not trace every packet).
 
This was written as a proof of concept for ftrace, for older Linux systems, and without kernel debuginfo. It uses dynamic tracing of tcp_retransmit_skb(), and reads /proc/net/tcp for socket details. Its use of dynamic tracing and CPU registers is an unstable platform-specific workaround, and may require modifications to work on different kernels and platforms. This would be better written using a tracer such as SystemTap, and will likely be rewritten in the future when certain tracing features are added to the Linux kernel.
 
When -l is used, this also uses dynamic tracing of tcp_send_loss_probe() and a register.
 
Currently only IPv4 is supported, on x86_64. If you try this on a different architecture, you'll likely need to adjust the register locations (search for %di).
 
Since this uses ftrace, only the root user can use this tool.

REQUIREMENTS

FTRACE and KPROBE CONFIG, tcp_retransmit_skb() kernel function. You may have these already have these on recent kernels. And Perl. TCP tail loss probes were added in Linux 3.10.

OPTIONS

-h
Print usage message.
-s
Include kernel stack traces.
-l
Include TCP tail loss probes.

EXAMPLES

Trace TCP retransmits
# tcpretrans
TIME
Time of retransmit (may be rounded up to the nearest second).
PID
Process ID that was on-CPU. This is less useful than it might sound, as it may usually be 0, for the kernel, for timer-based retransmits.
LADDR
Local address.
LPORT
Local port.
--
Packet type: "R>" for retransmit, and "L>" for tail loss probe.
RADDR
Remote address.
RPORT
Remote port.
STATE
TCP session state.

OVERHEAD

The CPU overhead is relative to the rate of TCP retransmits, and is designed to be low as this does not examine every packet. Once per second the /proc/net/tcp file is read, and a buffer of retransmit trace events is retrieved from the kernel and processed.

SOURCE

This is from the perf-tools collection.
https://github.com/brendangregg/perf-tools
Also look under the examples directory for a text file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.

OS

Linux

STABILITY

Unstable - in development.

AUTHOR

Brendan Gregg

SEE ALSO

tcpdump(1)
2014-07-31 USER COMMANDS