Man pages sections > man8 > tcptop-bpfcc

tcptop - Summarize TCP send/recv throughput by host. Top for TCP.

tcptop(8) System Manager's Manual tcptop(8)

NAME

tcptop - Summarize TCP send/recv throughput by host. Top for TCP.

SYNOPSIS

tcptop [-h] [-C] [-S] [-p PID] [interval] [count]

DESCRIPTION

This is top for TCP sessions.
 
This summarizes TCP send/receive Kbytes by host, and prints a summary that refreshes, along other system-wide metrics.
 
This uses dynamic tracing of kernel TCP send/receive functions, and will need to be updated to match kernel changes.
 
The traced TCP functions are usually called at a lower rate than per-packet functions, and therefore have lower overhead. The traced data is summarized in-kernel using a BPF map to further reduce overhead. At very high TCP event rates, the overhead may still be measurable. See the OVERHEAD section for more details.
 
Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.

REQUIREMENTS

CONFIG_BPF and bcc.

OPTIONS

-h
Print USAGE message.
-C
Don't clear the screen.
-S
Don't print the system summary line (load averages).
-p PID
Trace this PID only.
interval
Interval between updates, seconds (default 1).
count
Number of interval summaries (default is many).

EXAMPLES

Summarize TCP throughput by active sessions, 1 second refresh:
# tcptop
Don't clear the screen (rolling output), and 5 second summaries:
# tcptop -C 5
Trace PID 181 only, and don't clear the screen:
# tcptop -Cp 181

FIELDS

loadavg:
The contents of /proc/loadavg
PID
Process ID.
COMM
Process name.
LADDR
Local address (IPv4), and TCP port
RADDR
Remote address (IPv4), and TCP port
LADDR6
Source address (IPv6), and TCP port
RADDR6
Destination address (IPv6), and TCP port
RX_KB
Received Kbytes
TX_KB
Transmitted Kbytes

OVERHEAD

This traces all send/receives in TCP, high in the TCP/IP stack (close to the application) which are usually called at a lower rate than per-packet functions, lowering overhead. It also summarizes data in-kernel to further reduce overhead. These techniques help, but there may still be measurable overhead at high send/receive rates, eg, ~13% of one CPU at 100k events/sec. use funccount to count the kprobes in the tool to find out this rate, as the overhead is relative to the rate. Some sample production servers tested found total TCP event rates of 4k to 15k per second, and the CPU overhead at these rates ranged from 0.5% to 2.0% of one CPU. If your send/receive rate is low (eg, <1000/sec) then the overhead is expected to be negligible; Test in a lab environment first.

SOURCE

This is from bcc.
https://github.com/iovisor/bcc
Also look in the bcc distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.

OS

Linux

STABILITY

Unstable - in development.

AUTHOR

Brendan Gregg

INSPIRATION

top(1) by William LeFebvre

SEE ALSO

tcpconnect(8), tcpaccept(8)
2016-09-13 USER COMMANDS