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ybin - install the yaboot boot loader to a bootstrap partition.

YBIN(8) System Manager's Manual YBIN(8)

NAME

ybin - install the yaboot boot loader to a bootstrap partition.

SYNOPSIS

ybin [ -b|--boot device ] [ -o|--ofboot of-path ] [ -i|--install boot-file ] [ -C|--config config-file ] [ -m|--magicboot chrp-file ] [ --filesystem hfs|msdos|raw ] [ --nobless ] [ -M|--mount ] [ --hide ] [ --protect ] [ --nonvram ] [ --force ] [ -v|--verbose ] [ --debug ] [ -h|--help ] [ -V|--version ]

DESCRIPTION

This manual page explains ybin the installer for the yaboot(8) boot loader enabling GNU/Linux to be booted by OpenFirmware. Specifically it copies the yaboot binary and yaboot.conf(5) and usually a “magicboot” script to a bootstrap(8) partition.
 
Ybin will set attributes on the boot loader files and to the bootstrap(8) partition itself to allow OpenFirmware to recognise it as bootable, [usually] without requiring alterations to OpenFirmware's configuration.
 
Ybin will also set the OpenFirmware boot-device variable to the device path of the bootstrap(8) partition using nvsetenv(8) when a NewWorld compatible version of nvsetenv(8) is available.
 
Ybin requires that the bootstrap(8) partition have an HFS filesystem already on it. For IBM hardware there is no filesystem on the bootstrap(8) partition, in this case use fstype=raw. When using the raw filesystem type ybin requires that an ELF binary have already been installed on the bootstrap(8) partition. Use the companion mkofboot(8) utility to install the boot loader onto a new bootstrap(8) partition.
 
The bootstrap(8) need not and should not be mounted anywhere on your filesystem, especially not on top of /boot. Yaboot is able to load the kernels from the ext2fs root partition so that is where they should be kept. Ybin will refuse to operate on the bootstrap(8) partition if it is mounted.

OPTIONS

-b--boot device
Install the boot loader onto the specified device, this device should be that of your bootstrap(8) partition. For example, if your bootstrap partition is located on your first primary IDE drive in the second partition, your device would be: /dev/hda2.
-o--ofboot of-path
The OpenFirmware device path to the bootstrap(8) partition. This is needed so the first stage ofboot loader can be configured properly. It should include the OpenFirmware path including the partition number (but not any filename). Example: if your bootstrap(8) partition is /dev/hda2 the OF path will likely be hd:2. As of ybin 0.18 you no longer are required to specify this option, if left undefined ybin will attempt to figure out the OpenFirmware path automatically using the ofpath(8) utility. You should only need to define this option if ofpath(8) fails.
-i--install boot-file
Use boot-file as the primary boot loader executable, instead of the default /usr/lib/yaboot/yaboot.
-C--config config-file
Use config-file as the ybin/yaboot(8) configuration file instead of the default /etc/yaboot.conf.
-m--magicboot chrp-script
Use chrp-script as the boot loader “wrapper”. This script is needed to either provide a boot menu for dual boot with MacOS or to load yaboot (due to an OpenFirmware bug).
--filesystem hfs|msdos|raw
Set the filesystem type that ybin expects to find on the bootstrap(8). The “raw” filesystem type causes ybin to copy the bootloader (the value of install= directly to the bootstrap(8) partition without creating a filesystem. “raw” is required on IBM hardware. CAUTION: this will destroy any data or filesystem on the bootstrap partition (value of boot=) if you specify something like boot=/dev/sda you will destroy the partition table and lose ALL data on the disk. The default is HFS.
-M--mount
Do not use the userspace hfsutils(1) to modify the bootstrap(8), instead try and mount the filesystem directly. NOTE: Attributes cannot be set on the filesystem or the boot loader files using this method, your system will NOT be bootable without modifying OpenFirmware's “boot-device” variable to something like: “hd:2,ofboot” (no quotes).
--nobless
Do not “bless” the root directory of the bootstrap(8) partition's filesystem. Only use this option if the bootstrap(8) partition is actually a MacOS boot partition. This option is ignored unless the filesystem is HFS, and is ignored when used with --mount.
--hide
 
Set the invisible bit on all the boot loader files once copied to the bootstrap(8) partition. This setting is useful if you must install the boot loader onto a MacOS boot partition and do not with to see the boot loader files cluttering up the MacOS root directory. This option is ignored unless the filesystem is HFS, and will not work with --mount.
--protect
Set the read-only bit on all boot loader files once copied to the bootstrap(8) partition. This setting is useful if you must install the bootloader onto a MacOS boot partition and want to discourage alterations/deletion of the boot loader. This option works for both HFS and MSDOS filesystems.
--nonvram
Prevent ybin from setting the OpenFirmware boot-device variable with nvsetenv(8).
-v--verbose
This option causes ybin to be more verbose as it proceeds.
-f--force
This option suppresses any confirmation questions.
--debug
This option causes ybin to output some boring details useful only for debugging ybin itself.
-h--help
Print out usage information and exit.
-V--version
Print out the version number and exit.

FILES

/usr/lib/yaboot/yaboot - boot loader executable
/usr/lib/yaboot/ofboot - OpenFirmware boot script
/etc/yaboot.conf - boot loader/ybin configuration file

ENVIRONMENT

TMPDIR
 
The temporary directory ybin will use.

SECURITY

Temporary files are created with mktemp(1). It is important that your system use a secure mktemp(1) program, otherwise ybin will be vulnerable to race conditions. The Debian mktemp is derived from OpenBSD and thus should be secure.
 
/usr/lib/yaboot/ofboot now contains code executed by /bin/sh (by ybin). It is thus critical that it not be writable by anyone but root. It is also critical that /etc/yaboot.conf not be writable by anyone but root since a different ofboot script could be specified there.

BUGS

Ybin should be able to take care of OpenFirmware variables as needed on IBM hardware.

AUTHORS

ybin and this man page was written by Ethan Benson.
 
yaboot was written by Benjamin Herrenschmidt.

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to <erbenson@alaska.net>

SEE ALSO

bootstrap(8), hfsutils(1), mkofboot(8), mktemp(1), nvsetenv(8), ofpath(8), yaboot(8), yaboot.conf(5),
21 November 2001 GNU/Linux PowerPC